SCIENTIFIC LITERACY OF COVID-19 IN THE FIRST YEAR PANDEMIC: DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT TEST

Authors

  • Aris Rudi Purnomo Jurusan IPA, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Elok Sudibyo Jurusan IPA, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Mohammad Budiyanto Jurusan IPA, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Dhita Ayu Permata Sari Jurusan IPA, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Wahyu Budi Sabtiawan Jurusan IPA, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26740/jppipa.v6n1.p48-55

Keywords:

Covid-19, scientific literacy, instrument design, validity, reliability

Abstract

Scientific literacy skills about the plague were needed during the Covid-19 pandemic. Students who previously studied at school now have to spend a lot of time at home studying. They are then primarily very dependant on the internet to get valuable information of academic purposes. However, concerns arise that massive access to information online has created problems with understanding Covid-19 which eventually may risk their attitude. Therefore, this study aims to analyze scientific literacy of students against the ongoing outbreak in terms of the contents. The research employs ADDIE model due to its compactness towards its process. The stages reflect the process of developing, studying, and implementing contagion literacy assessment products for junior high school students. The instrument design procedure consisted of literature study, development of test items, internal validation, and pilot project. The feasibility will be reviewed from the results of the validity and reliability. The data to be collected in this research are quantitative and qualitative data related to the validity and reliability. The results of the face validity test from three experts show that the questions arranged in the literacy instrument are considered valid with minor revision in terms of materials and construction. The pilot project, however, showed an opposite result. The instrument was scored invalid because 14 out of 20 questions were invalid. The influencing factor found was students was not ready to read long passage or data in digital format. Transmission, prevention, and treatment are the issues in which student are familiar with. Overall, the instrument was sufficient to observe what students know and needs much revision in terms of format.

Author Biography

Aris Rudi Purnomo, Jurusan IPA, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

References

<p>Aptika Kominfo. (2020). Rekap Laporan Isu Hoaks Virus Corona. <a href="https://aptika.kominfo.go.id/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Rekap-Laporan-Isu-Hoaks-Virus-Corona-.pdf">https://aptika.kominfo.go.id/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Rekap-Laporan-Isu-Hoaks-Virus-Corona-.pdf</a></p><p>Anderson, L. W. &amp; Krathwohl, D. R. 2001. <em>A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A Revision of Blooms Taxonomy of Educational Objectives</em>. Pearson Education.  </p><p>Ashrafi-rizi, H., &amp; Kazempour, Z. (2020). Information Diet in Covid-19 Crisis; a Commentary. Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine, 8(1), 30.</p><p>Borich, G. D. (1994). <em>Observation Skills for Effective Teaching</em>. Englewood Cliffs: Merrill Publishers.</p><p>Conard, M. A. &amp; Marsh, R. F. (2014). Interest level improves learning but does not moderate the effects of interruptions: An experiment using simultaneous multitasking. <em>Learning and Individual Differences</em>, 30, 112-117.</p><p>Darmalaksana, W., Hambali, R., Masrur, A., &amp; Muhlas, M. (2020). Analisis Pembelajaran Online Masa WFH Pandemic Covid-19 sebagai Tantangan Pemimpin Digital Abad 21. <em>Karya Tulis Ilmiah (KTI) Masa Work from Home (WFH) Covid-19 UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung</em>, 1-12.</p><p>Gormally, C., Brickman, P., &amp; Lutz, M. (2012). Developing a Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS): Measuring Undergraduates Evaluation of Scientific Information and Arguments. <em>CBE-Life Sciences Education</em>, 11, 364377.</p><p>Hayati, M. N. (2017). The Use of Science Literacy Taxonomy to Measure Chemistry Literacy of the Science Teacher Candidates. <em>Unnes Science Education Journal</em>. 6(1), 1496 1502.  </p><p>Handayani, N. N. L. (2015). Membangun Masyarakat Melek Sains Berkarakter Bangsa Melalui Pembelajaran. <em>In prosiding</em> <em>Seminar Nasional MIPA</em>.</p><p>Jufrida, Basuki, F. R., Kurniawan, W., Pangestu, M. D., &amp; Fitaloka, O. (2019). Scientific literacy and science learning achievement at junior high school. <em>International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)</em>, 8(4), 630-636</p><p>Kompas. (2020). Selama 23 Januari-3 Maret 2020, Kominfo Deteksi 147 Hoaks soal Virus Corona. <a href="https://kominfo.go.id/content/detail/24958/selama-23-januari-3-maret-2020-kominfo-deteksi-147-hoaks-soal-virus-corona/0/sorotan_media">https://kominfo.go.id/content/detail/24958/selama-23-januari-3-maret-2020-kominfo-deteksi-147-hoaks-soal-virus-corona/0/sorotan_media</a></p><p>Laugksch, R. C. (2000). Scientific literacy: A conceptual overview. <em>Science Education</em>, 84(1), 71-94.</p><p>Norris, S. P., &amp; Phillips, L. M. (2003). How literacy in its fundamental sense is central to scientific literacy. <em>Science Education</em>, 87(2), 224-240.</p><p>Okada, A. (2013). Scientific Literacy in The Digital Age: Tools, Environments and Resources for Co-Inquiry. <em>European Scientific Journal</em>, 4, 263274.</p><p>Praherdhiono, H., Adi, E. P., Prihatmoko, Y., Nindigraha, N., Soepriyanto, Y., Indreswari, H., &amp; Oktaviani, H. I. (2020). Implementasi Pembelajaran di Era Dan Pasca Pandemi Covid-19. Seribu Bintang.</p><p>Prem, K et al. (2020). The effect of control strategies to reduce social mixing on outcomes of the COVID-19 epidemic in Wuhan, China: a modelling study. <em>The Lancet Public Health</em>. 5(5), e261-e270.</p><p>Rahardi, R. K. (2020). Building Critical Awareness of Corona Virus-Related News: Cyber-Pragmatic Study of Covid-19 Hoaxes on Social Media. <em>International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology</em>, 29(6), 5398-5409.</p><p>Rahayu, R. N. dan Sensuyati. (2020). Analisis Berita Hoax Covid-19 di Media Sosial di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi, Sosial &amp; Humaniora, 1(09), 60-73.</p><p>Setiawan, A. R., &amp; Ilmiyah, S. (2020). Lembar Kegiatan Siswa untuk Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh Berdasarkan Literasi Saintifik pada Topik Penyakit Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). EdArXiv. DOI: https://doi. org/10.35542/osf. io/h4632.</p><p>Sugiyono. 2019. <em>Metode Penelitian Pendidikan (Kuantitaif, Kualitatif, Kombinasi, R&amp;D dan Penelitian Pendidikan)</em>. Bandung: Alfabeta.</p><p>Sulistiadi, W., Rahayu, S., &amp; Harmani, N. (2020). Handling of Public Stigma on COVID-19 in Indonesian Society.  <em>Kesmas: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional (National Public Health Journal)</em>, Special Issue 1, 70-76.</p><p>Susantini, E., Puspitawati, R. P., Raharjo, &amp; Suaidah, H. L. (2021). E-book of metacognitive learning strategies: design and implementation to activate students self-regulation, 16(13), 1-17.</p>Syarifuddin, A. 2011. The implementation of cooperative learning model and factors that affected it (in Bahasa). <em>Tadib: Journal of Islamic Education, </em>16, 113-116.

Downloads

Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Purnomo, A. R., Sudibyo, E., Budiyanto, M., Sari, D. A. P., & Sabtiawan, W. B. (2021). SCIENTIFIC LITERACY OF COVID-19 IN THE FIRST YEAR PANDEMIC: DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT TEST. JPPIPA (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA), 6(1), 48–55. https://doi.org/10.26740/jppipa.v6n1.p48-55

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract views: 730 , PDF Downloads: 435

Most read articles by the same author(s)

> >>