Cognitive Theory in Action: A Discourse Analysis to a Youtube Video about Teaching


  • Siti Ina Savira Program Studi Psikologi Universitas Negeri Surabaya



Discourse analysis, YouTube video, cognitive theory, good teaching


Video offers a richer source of data and has been proven to be useful as a primary source of research. A video from Youtube website was used as a primary source for analysis in this paper. This paper is applying a discourse analysis as suggested by Fairclough (2003) about the discourse as a way of representing; how the discourse was used to express and imply the social relation and action, and the belief committed by the user of the discourse. The analysis was aimed to identify teachers idea of good teaching by comparing it to relevant theories. The analysis found that cognitive-related terms were consistently appearing in the teachers discourses; therefore, cognitive theories were used to elaborate a deeper meaning of the discourses. It was concluded that good teaching for the teacher was to focus on students cognitive higher development.


Atkinson, P., & Coffey, A. (1997). Analysing documentary realities. In D.
Silverman (Ed.), Qualitative research: Theory, method, and practice. London: Sage Publications.

Bruning, R. H., Schraw, G. J., & Norby, M. M. (2011). Cognitive Psychology and Instruction (5th ed.). New Jersey: Pearson.

Burke, S. C., Snyder, S., & Rager, R. C. (2009). An Assessment of Faculty Usage of YouTube as a Teaching Resource. The Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice, 7(1), 1-8.

Fairclough, N. (2003). Analysing Discourse: Textual analysis for Social Research. London: Routledge.

Fitzgerald, T. (2007). Documents and documentary analysis: Reading between the lines. In A. Briggs & M. Coleman (Eds.), Research methods in educational leadership and management (2nd ed.). Los Angeles: Sage Publications.

Gooding, L. F., & Gregory, D. (2011). Descriptive Analysis of YouTube Music Therapy Videos. Journal of Music Therapy, 48(3).

Jacobs, K. (2010). Discourse Analysis. In M. Walter (Ed.), Social Research Methods (2nd ed.). Sydney: Oxford University Press.

jeremylevy. (2007). Interactive Teaching Method (pp. 4 minutes): Youtube website.

Knoblauch, H., Baer, A., Laurier, E., Petschke, S., & Schnettler, B. (2008). Visual Analysis. New Developments in the Interpretative Analysis of Video and Photography. [Online Journal]. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 9(3).

Maor, D. (2000). Video Analysis: Adding Another Dimension to Qualitative Research? Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association New Orleans.

Paas, F., Renkl, A., & Sweller, J. (2003). Cognitive load theory and instructional design: Recent development. Educational Psychologist, 38(1), 1-4.

Paas, F., Renkl, A., & Sweller, J. (2004). Cognitive Load Theory: Instructional implications of the Interaction between information structures and cognitive architecture. Instructional Science, 32(1), 1-8.

Paas, F., & Van Merrienboer, J. J. G. (1994). Variability of worked examples and transfer of geometrical problem-solving skills: A cognitive-load approach. Journal of Educational Psychology, 85(1), 122-133.

Pailliotet, A. W. (1995). I Never Saw That Before: A Deeper View of Video Analysis in Teacher Education. Journal of The Teacher Educator, 31(2), 138-156.

Pressley, M. (1995). Introduction: good thinking, good teaching, and alternative ways of studying good thinking and good teaching. In M. Pressley & C. McCormick (Eds.), Cognition, teaching, and assessment (pp. 1-24). New York: Harper Colling College Publishers.

Preston, M. D. (2010, Jan-Feb 2010). Examining Student Thinking
through Video Analysis. Educational Technology Magazine 50, 23-27.

Sternberg, R. J. (1998). Metacognition, abilities, and developing expertise: What makes an expert student? Contemporary Educational Psychology, 28(129-160).

Thiede, K. W., & Anderson, M. C. M. (2003). Summarizing can improve metacomprehension accuracy. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 28, 129-160.

Xiao, Y., Seagull, F. J., Mackenzie, C. F., & Klein, K. (2004). Adaptive Leadership in Trauma Resuscitation Teams: A Grounded Theory Approach to Video Analysis. Cogn Tech Work, 6(April 20,2004), 158-164. Retrieved from doi:10.1007/s10111-004-0157-z

Zimmerman, B. J. (2000). Attaining self-regulation: A social cognitive perspective. In B. J. Zimmerman & D. H. Schunk (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation. San Diego: Academic Press.

Zimmerman, B. J. (2002). Becoming a self-regulated learner. Theory into practice, 41, 64-70.




How to Cite

Savira, S. I. (2011). Cognitive Theory in Action: A Discourse Analysis to a Youtube Video about Teaching. Jurnal Psikologi Teori Dan Terapan, 2(1), 58–66.
Abstract views: 1077 , PDF Downloads: 634

Most read articles by the same author(s)