• Dyah Permata Sari Science Education Postgraduate Program Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • M Madlazim Physics Department Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Universitas Negeri Surabaya



computer simulation, open source, student's understanding


The objective of this research was to develop a force and motion simulation based on the open-source Easy Java Simulation. The process of computer simulation development was done following the ADDIE model. Based on the Analysis and Design phases, the Development phase used the open-source Easy Java Simulation (EJS) to develop a computer simulation with physics content that was relevant to the subtopic. Computing and communication technology continue to make an increasing impact on all aspects of education. EJS is a powerful didactic resource that gives us the ability to focus our students attention on the principles of physics. Using EJS, a computer simulation was created through which the motion of a particle under the action of a specific force can be studied. The implementation phase is implemented the computer simulation in the teaching and learning process. To describe the improvements in the students understanding of the force and motion concepts, we used a t-test to evaluate each of the four phases. These results indicated that the use of the computer simulation could improve students force and motion conceptual competence regarding Newton's second law of motion.


Brandsford et al. How People Learn. National Academy Press; 2000.

Jimoyiannis K. Computer Simulations in Physics Teaching and Learning. Comp. Educ. 2001; 36.

Lederman. American Renaissance in Science Education. FERMILAB-TM-2051; 1998.

Hallouna IA and Hestenes D. Common Sense Concepts about Motion. Am. J. Phys. 1985; 53 (11).

McDermott, et al. Student Difficulties in Connecting Graphs and Physics: Examples from Kinematics. Am. J. Phys. 1987; 55 (6).

Arons AB. Teaching Introductory Physics. Wiley; 1997.

Sessa, DI. Changing Minds. MIT Press; 2000.

Christian W and Esquembre F. Modeling Physics with Easy Java Simulations. The Physics Teacher. 2007; 45. Available from: DOI: 10.1119/1.2798358.

The Open Source Physics (OSP). Available from:

Esquembre F. 2009. Available from: [Accessed 14th September 2014].

Sommerville, I. Software Engineering, 3rd ed. Reading: MA Addison-Wesley; 1989.

IEEE. Reference Guide for Instructional Design and Development, available online at; 2001.

AskERIC. An AskERIC Write-A-Lesson Plan Guide, available online at; 1999.

Arkün S and Akkoyunlu B. A Study on the Development Process of a Multimedia Learning Environment According to the ADDIE Model and Students Opinions of the Multimedia Learning Environment. Interactive Educational Multimedia. 2008; 17: 1-19. Available from:

Fu-Kwun-Hwang. Available from:

Wee, Loo Kang, Goh, Giam Hwee, Chew, Charles. 20 Enabling Gravity Physics by Inquiry using Easy Java Simulation. Paper presented at The 5th Redesign Pedagogy, Singapore. Available from:

Christian W, Esquembre F, Barbato L. Open Source Physics. Science. 2011; 334 (6059), 1077-1078. Available from: doi: 10.1126/science.1196984

Duffy, Andrew. Available from:; 2009.

Madlazim. Metode Praktis Mendesain Simulasi Fisika Interaktif. Surabaya: UNESA University Press; 2007.

Madlazim. Membuat Eksperimen Virtual Lukisan Lissajous Menggunakan Opensource Easy Java Simulation. Available from:; 2008.

Madlazim and Supriyono. Improving Experiment Design skills: Using the Joko Tingkir Program as a Learning Tool of Tsunami Topic. Science of Tsunami Hazards. 2014; 33 (2): 133-143.

Fraenkel J.R and Wallen N.E. How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education, New York: Mc Graw-Hill Companies Inc; 2000.

Hake, R.R. Interactive-engagement vs Traditional Methods: A Six-Thousand-Student Survey of Mechanics Test Data for Introductory Physics Courses. Am. J. Phys. 1998; 66(1) 64-74. Available from:>.




How to Cite

Sari, D. P. and Madlazim, M. (2015) “COMPUTER SIMULATION IN MECHANICS TEACHING AND LEARNING: A CASE STUDY ON STUDENTS UNDERSTANDING OF FORCE AND MOTION”, Jurnal Penelitian Fisika dan Aplikasinya (JPFA), 5(2), pp. 33–43. doi: 10.26740/jpfa.v5n2.p33-43.



Abstract views: 1327 , PDF Downloads: 545