Grit in College Students: Literature Review

Authors

  • Riza Noviana Khoirunnisa Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Nur Eva Universitas Negeri Malang
  • Hetti Rahmawati Universitas Negeri Malang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26740/jptt.v14n2.p237-251

Keywords:

College students, literature review, mahasiswa, grit, tinjauan literatur

Abstract

Grit is an important aspect of student academic performance. Various studies on grit have been conducted, but no one has examined individual differences in grit among college students. The purpose of this study is to determine individual differences related to grit in college students. The method used is a literature study on research articles published in reputable international journals. A search for reputable international journals in the 2018-2022 range used the Science Direct page, with the keywords grit, individual differences, and motivation. The search returned 10 articles that matched the criteria. The article was then analyzed using a literature review. The results of the study show that individual differences have a relationship with student grit. The implication of this research is to show that accommodating various individual differences in the learning process is very much needed by students. The persistence of effort and consistency of interest which are the dimensions of grit are also influenced by individual differences. Grit has a very important role for students in achieving the goals set.

Grit merupakan salah satu aspek penting dalam performa akademik mahasiswa. Beragam kajian mengenai grit telah dilakukan, namun belum ada yang menelaah mengenai perbedaan individu dalam grit di kalangan mahasiswa. Tujuan studi ini untuk mengetahui perbedaan individu yang terkait dengan grit pada mahasiswa. Metode yang digunakan adalah studi literatur pada artikel-artikel hasil penelitian yang dipublikasikan di jurnal internasional bereputasi. Penelusuran jurnal internasional bereputasi pada rentang tahun 2018-2022 menggunakan laman Science Direct, dengan kata kunci grit, perbedaan individu, dan motivasi. Penelusuran menghasilkan 10 artikel yang sesuai dengan kriteria. Artikel kemudian dianlisis menggunakan telaah literatur. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan individu memiliki hubungan dengan grit pada mahasiswa. Implikasi dari penelitian ini adalah menunjukkan bahwa mengakomodasi berbagai perbedaan individu dalam proses pembelajaran sangat diperlukan mahasiswa. Perseverance of effort dan consistency of interest yang merupakan dimensi dari grit juga dipengaruhi oleh perbedaan individu. Grit memiliki peran yang sangat penting bagi mahasiswa dalam mencapai tujuan yang telah ditetapkan.

Author Biography

Riza Noviana Khoirunnisa, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Lecturer

References

Abu Hasan, H. E., Munawar, K., & Abdul Khaiyom, J. H. (2022). Psychometric properties of developed and transadapted grit measures across cultures: a systematic review. Current Psychology, 41(10), 6894–6912. https://doi.org/10.1007/S12144-020-01137-W/TABLES/3

Ain, N. U., Munir, M., & Suneel, I. (2021). Role of emotional intelligence and grit in life satisfaction. Heliyon, 7(4), e06829. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.HELIYON.2021.E06829

Alhadabi, A., & Karpinski, A. C. (2020). Grit, self-efficacy, achievement orientation goals, and academic performance in University students. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 25(1), 519–535. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2019.1679202

Bazelais, P., Lemay, D. J., & Doleck, T. (2016). How does grit impact college students’ academic achievement in science? European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 4(1), 33–43.

Bottomley, L. (2015). Assessing the GRIT of Incoming Engineering Students. 26.248.1-26.248.8. https://doi.org/10.18260/P.23588

Bowman, N. A., Hill, P. L., Denson, N., & Bronkema, R. (2015). Keep on Truckin’ or Stay the Course? Exploring Grit Dimensions as Differential Predictors of Educational Achievement, Satisfaction, and Intentions. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6(6), 639–645. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550615574300

Çelik, I., & Sariçam, H. (2018). The Relationships between Positive Thinking Skills, Academic Locus of Control and Grit in Adolescents. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 6(3), 392–398. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2018.060305

Chang, W. (2014). Grit and Academic Performance: Is Being Grittier Better? [University of Miami]. https://scholarship.miami.edu/esploro/outputs/doctoral/Grit-and-Academic-Performance-Is-Being/991031447641902976

Chen, X., Lake, J., & Padilla, A. M. (2021). Grit and motivation for learning English among Japanese university students. System, 96, 102411. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SYSTEM.2020.102411

Choi, D. S., & Loui, M. C. (2015). Grit for engineering students. Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2015.7344203

Christensen, R., & Knezek, G. (2014). Comparative Measures of Grit, Tenacity and Perseverance. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research.

Clark, K. N., & Malecki, C. K. (2019). Academic Grit Scale: Psychometric properties and associations with achievement and life satisfaction. Journal of School Psychology, 72, 49–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JSP.2018.12.001

Credé, M., & Niehorster, S. (2012). Adjustment to College as Measured by the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire: A Quantitative Review of its Structure and Relationships with Correlates and Consequences. Educational Psychology Review, 24(1), 133–165. https://doi.org/10.1007/S10648-011-9184-5/TABLES/8

Credé, M., Tynan, M. C., & Harms, P. D. (2017a). Much ado about grit: A meta-analytic synthesis of the grit literature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113(3), 492–511. https://doi.org/10.1037/PSPP0000102

Credé, M., Tynan, M. C., & Harms, P. D. (2017b). Much ado about grit: A meta-analytic synthesis of the grit literature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113(3), 492–511. https://doi.org/10.1037/PSPP0000102

Datu, J. A. D., Valdez, J. P. M., & King, R. B. (2016a). Perseverance Counts but Consistency Does Not! Validating the Short Grit Scale in a Collectivist Setting. Current Psychology, 35(1), 121–130. https://doi.org/10.1007/S12144-015-9374-2

Datu, J. A. D., Valdez, J. P. M., & King, R. B. (2016b). Perseverance Counts but Consistency Does Not! Validating the Short Grit Scale in a Collectivist Setting. Current Psychology, 35(1), 121–130. https://doi.org/10.1007/S12144-015-9374-2

De La Cruz, M., Zarate, A., Zamarripa, J., Castillo, I., Borbon, A., Duarte, H., & Valenzuela, K. (2021). Grit, Self-Efficacy, Motivation and the Readiness to Change Index Toward Exercise in the Adult Population. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/FPSYG.2021.732325

Disabato, D. J., Goodman, F. R., & Kashdan, T. B. (2019). Is grit relevant to well-being and strengths? Evidence across the globe for separating perseverance of effort and consistency of interests. Journal of Personality, 87(2), 194–211. https://doi.org/10.1111/JOPY.12382

Duckworth, A. L. (2016). Grit: The power of passion and perseverance. Scribner. https://angeladuckworth.com/grit-book/

Duckworth, A. L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D., & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and Passion for Long-Term Goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1087–1101. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.92.6.1087

Fabelico, F. L., & Afalla, B. T. (2020). Journal of Critical Reviews PERSEVERANCE AND PASSION IN THE TEACHING PROFESSION: TEACHERS' GRIT, SELF-EFFICACY, BURNOUT, AND PERFORMANCE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(11), 108–119. https://doi.org/10.31838/JCR.07.11.17

Filion, J. V., Schellenberg, B. J. I., Holding, A. C., & Koestner, R. (2020). Passion and grit in the pursuit of long-term personal goals in college students. Learning and Individual Differences, 83–84, 101939. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.LINDIF.2020.101939

Frontini, R., Sigmundsson, H., Antunes, R., Silva, A. F., Lima, R., & Clemente, F. M. (2021). Passion, grit, and mindset in undergraduate sport sciences students. New Ideas in Psychology, 62, 100870. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.NEWIDEAPSYCH.2021.100870

Hagger, M. S., & Hamilton, K. (2019). Grit and self-discipline as predictors of effort and academic attainment. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 89(2), 324–342. https://doi.org/10.1111/BJEP.12241

Hodge, B., Wright, B., & Bennett, P. (2018). The Role of Grit in Determining Engagement and Academic Outcomes for University Students. Research in Higher Education, 59(4), 448–460. https://doi.org/10.1007/S11162-017-9474-Y/FIGURES/2

Hwang, M.-H., Lim, H. J., Ha, H., & Choi, J. A. (2020). Grit as A Distinctive Predictor for School Maladjustment of Nontraditional College Students. Psychology and Education Journal, 57(4), 285–292. https://doi.org/10.17762/PAE.V57I4.140

Jin, B., & Kim, J. (2017). Grit, basic needs satisfaction, and subjective well-being. Journal of Individual Differences, 38(1), 29–35. https://doi.org/10.1027/1614-0001/A000219

Kannangara, C. S., Allen, R. E., Waugh, G., Nahar, N., Noor Khan, S. Z., Rogerson, S., & Carson, J. (2018). All that glitters is not grit: Three studies of grit in University Students. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(AUG), 1539. https://doi.org/10.3389/FPSYG.2018.01539/BIBTEX

Khedmatian, A., Naami, A. Z., Zarei, E., & Khalafie, A. (2022). Academic Grit, Academic Flow, and Academic Thriving: Mediating Role of Adaptive Coping Style. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal, 4(2), 244–255. https://doi.org/10.52547/IEEPJ.4.2.244

Liao, Y. H., & Chen, H. C. (2022). Happiness takes effort: Exploring the relationship among academic grit, executive functions and well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 199, 111863. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PAID.2022.111863

Light, A., & Nencka, P. (2019). Predicting educational attainment: Does grit compensate for low levels of cognitive ability? Learning and Individual Differences, 70, 142–154. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.LINDIF.2019.02.002

Lim, H. J., Hwang, M. H., & Ha, H. (2021). The relationship between academic motivation and academic achievement students. Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences, 57, 184–195. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SBSPRO.2011.03.111

Ma, C. H., Ma, Y. F., & Wang, Y. P. (2020). The Mediation Model of Grit Among Chinese College Students. Procedia Computer Science, 166, 160–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PROCS.2020.02.040

Martin, H., Vital, S., Ellis, L., & Obrien-Delpesh, C. (2018). Motivating Civil Engineering Students: Self-Determinacy Perspective. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 144(4). https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)EI.1943-5541.0000374

Mason, H. D. (2018). Grit and academic performance among first-year university students: A brief report. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 28(1), 66–68. https://doi.org/10.1080/14330237.2017.1409478

Muenks, K., Wigfield, A., Yang, J. S., & O’Neal, C. R. (2017). How true is grit? Assessing its relations to high school and college students’ personality characteristics, self-regulation, engagement, and achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 109(5), 599–620. https://doi.org/10.1037/EDU0000153

Nahamani, T., Nanda Priyatama, A., Fitriani, A., & Studi Psikologi, P. (2022). Peran Grit terhadap Penyesuaian Diri Mahasiswa Selama Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Psikologi TALENTA, 7(2), 36–43. https://doi.org/10.26858/TALENTA.V7I2.23911

Park, D., Yu, A., Baelen, R. N., Tsukayama, E., & Duckworth, A. L. (2018). Fostering grit: Perceived school goal-structure predicts growth in grit and grades. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 55, 120–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CEDPSYCH.2018.09.007

Reed, L. L., & Jeremiah, J. (2017). Student Grit as an Important Ingredient for Academic and Personal Success.

Rimfeld, K., Kovas, Y., Dale, P. S., & Plomin, R. (2016). True grit and genetics: Predicting academic achievement from personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 111(5), 780. https://doi.org/10.1037/PSPP0000089

Schmidt, F. T. C., Fleckenstein, J., Retelsdorf, J., Eskreis-Winkler, L., & Möller, J. (2019). Measuring grit: A German validation and a domain-specific approach to grit. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 35(3), 436–447. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000407

Shamshirian, S., Halldorsson, V., & Sigmundsson, H. (2021). Passion, grit and mindset of Iranian wrestlers: A socio-psychological approach. New Ideas in Psychology, 62, 100871. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.NEWIDEAPSYCH.2021.100871

Singh, S., & Chukkali, S. (2021). Development and validation of multi-dimensional scale of grit. Cogent Psychology, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2021.1923166

Skinner, E. A., Pitzer, J. R., & Steele, J. S. (2016). Can student engagement serve as a motivational resource for academic coping, persistence, and learning during late elementary and early middle school? Developmental Psychology, 52(12), 2099–2117. https://doi.org/10.1037/DEV0000232

Steinmayr, R., Weidinger, A. F., & Wigfield, A. (2018). Does students’ grit predict their school achievement above and beyond their personality, motivation, and engagement? Contemporary Educational Psychology, 53, 106–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CEDPSYCH.2018.02.004

Vazsonyi, A. T., Ksinan, A. J., Ksinan Jiskrova, G., Mikuška, J., Javakhishvili, M., & Cui, G. (2019). To grit or not to grit, that is the question! Journal of Research in Personality, 78, 215–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JRP.2018.12.006

Vivekananda, N. L. A. (2017). Studi Deskriptif mengenai Grit pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Kristen Maranatha Bandung. Humanitas (Jurnal Psikologi), 1(3), 183–196. https://doi.org/10.28932/HUMANITAS.V1I3.756

Wang, L. (2021). The Role of Students’ Self-Regulated Learning, Grit, and Resilience in Second Language Learning. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 6013. https://doi.org/10.3389/FPSYG.2021.800488/BIBTEX

Werner, K. M., Milyavskaya, M., Klimo, R., & Levine, S. L. (2019). Examining the unique and combined effects of grit, trait self-control, and conscientiousness in predicting motivation for academic goals: A commonality analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 81, 168–175. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JRP.2019.06.003

Wolters, C. A., & Hussain, M. (2015). Investigating grit and its relations with college students’ self-regulated learning and academic achievement. Metacognition and Learning, 10(3), 293–311. https://doi.org/10.1007/S11409-014-9128-9/TABLES/4

Zimmerman, E., & Brogan, L. (2015). Grit and Legal Education. https://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=2646851

Downloads

Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

Khoirunnisa, R. N., Eva, N., & Rahmawati, H. . (2023). Grit in College Students: Literature Review. Jurnal Psikologi Teori Dan Terapan, 14(2), 237–251. https://doi.org/10.26740/jptt.v14n2.p237-251
Abstract views: 796 , PDF Downloads: 955

Most read articles by the same author(s)