Peran Stres Kerja dalam Memediasi Pengaruh Work-Life Balance dan Kompetensi terhadap Kinerja Pegawai

Authors

  • Ni Wayan Sri Pradnyani Universitas Udayana
  • Agoes Ganesha Rahyuda Universitas Udayana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26740/jim.v10n3.p806-820

Keywords:

competence, dispersip, job stress, performance, work-life balance

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the role of job stress in mediating the effect of work-life balance and competence on the performance of Dispersip Gianyar employees. The research location is in Dispersip of Gianyar Regency with 59 employees, but the sample used is only 54 people due to incomplete answers. Data was collected using a survey approach, and the instrument of this research was a questionnaire which was measured using a Likert scale. Data analysis was carried out using PLS-based SEM, namely Smart Pls 3. The result of this research shows that work-life balance and competence had a positive and significant effect on performance but had a negative and significant effect on job stress, while job stress had a negative and significant effect on performance. Job stress partially mediates the relationship between work-life balance and competence on performance. The implications of this research theoretically support the findings of previous studies as well as studies related to attribution theory. The practical implication for the Dispersip of Gianyar Regency is to be able to maintain performance by supporting work-life balance, providing training to increase competence, and trying to reduce work pressure on employees. For further researchers, they can conduct research by considering demographics as a variable that affects performance.

References

Abdirahman, H. I. H., Najeemdeen, I. S., Taofik, B., & Ahmad, R. (2018). The Relationship between Job Satisfaction, Work-life balance and Organizational Commitment on Employee Performance. Dvances In Business Research International Journal, 4(1): 42–52.

Adi, S. T., Ida, A. B., & Ayu, B. I. (2018). Effect of Competence, Leader-Member Exchange and Teamwork on Work Discipline, Job Stress and Their Impact on Employee Performance of Construction Company in East Java, Indonesia. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences, 74(2): 67–78.

Arsania, I. W. G., & Supartha, I. W. G. (2020). The Effect of Work Family Conflict on Employee Performance with Mediation of Work Stress (Case Study on Ari Firm-Wooden Crafts Exporter). Technium Social Sciences Journal, 13: 199–209.

Astuti, R., & Prayogi, I. (2018). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan dan Prestasi Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada PT. Karya Hevea Indonesia Afdeling Hevea Dolok Masihul. Prosiding: The National Conferences Management and Business (NCMAB) 2018, 1(1), 490–502.

Bahar, D. F., & Prasetio, A. P. (2021). Pengaruh Stres Kerja Terhadap Work-life balance Pada Karyawan Perum Bulog Jakarta Selatan. E-Proceeding of Management, 8(4): 3276–3281.

Bataineh, K. A. (2019). Impact of Work-life balance, Happiness at Work, on Employee Performance. International Business Research, 12(2): 99–112.

Cahyana, I. G. S., & Jati, I. K. (2017). Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi, Stres Kerja Dan Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai. E-Jurnal Akuntansi Universitas Udayana, 18(2): 1314–1342.

Cahyani, M. M., & Dewi, A. A. S. K. (2021). The Effect of Work Family, Job Insecurity, and Job Stress on Female EmployeePerformance at Finns Beach Club. American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research (AJHSSR), 5(2): 337–346.

Cahyaningrat, A. M. B., Erviantono, T., & Wismayanti, K. W. D. (2015). Pengaruh Kompetensi Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Di Badan Perpustakaan, Arsip dan Dokumentasi Kota Denpasar. Citizen Charter, 1(1): 165141.

Ciptomulyono, U., Anshori, M. Y., & Fodyansa, A. (2017). Pengaruh Kompetensi, Motivasi, Kepemimpinan, dan Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Manajemen Stres dan Kinerja Karyawan pada Dinas Dinas X Provinsi Jawa Timur. Business and Finance Journal, 2(2): 99–114.

Dewi, C. I. A. S., & Wibawa, I. M. A. W. (2016). Pengaruh Stres Kerja Dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada PT. Bank BPD Bali Cabang Ubud. E-Jurnal Manajemen Unud, 5(12): 7583–7606.

Diputra, A. A. D. P., & Surya, I. B. K. (2018). Pengaruh Stres Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Dimediasi Oleh Kepuasan Kerja Karyawan PT. Destination Asia Bali. E-Jurnal Manajemen Universitas Udayana, 8(2): 7986–8015.

Iskamto, D. (2021). Stress and Its Impact on Employee Performance. International Journal Of Social And Management Studies (IJOSMAS), 03(02): 142–148.

Kartini, D., Kristiawan, M., & Fitria, H. (2020). The Influence of Principal’s Leadership, Academic Supervision, and Professional Competence toward Teachers’ Performance. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies (IJPSAT), 20(1): 156–164.

Katili, P. B., Wibowo, W., & Akbar, M. (2021). The Effects of Leaderships Styles , Work-life balance and Employee Engagement on Employee Performance. Quantitative Economics and Management Studies (QEMS), 2(3): 199–205.

Khuong, M. N., & Yen, V. H. (2016). Investigate the Effects of Job Stress on Employee Job Performance — A Case Study at Dong Xuyen Industrial Zone, Vietnam. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, 7(2): 31–37.

Lauda, H., Brahmasari, I. A., & Kusmaningtyas, A. (2018). Pengaruh Transformational Leadership, Iklim Organisasi, Stres Kerja, Terhadap Kompetensi Motivasi Kerja dan Kinerja Guru SMP Negeri Di Provinsi Sulawesi Barat. Pepatudzu: Media Pendidikan Dan Sosial Kemasyarakatan, 14(2), 107–122.

Lukmiati, R., Samsudin, A., & Jhoansyah, D. (2020). Pengaruh Work Life Balance Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada Karyawan Staff Produksi Pt. Muara Tunggal Cibadak - Sukabumi. Jurnal Ekobis Dewantara, 3(3): 46–50.

Mangkunegara, A. A. A. (2015). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Perusahaan. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Massie, R. N., Areros, W. A., & Rumawas, W. (2018). Pengaruh Stres Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada Kantor Pengelola IT Center Manado. Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis, 6(2): 41–49.

Mendis, M. D. V. S., & Weerakkody, W. A. S. (2017). The Impact of Work Life Balance on Employee Performance with Reference to Telecommunication Industry in Sri Lanka: A Mediation Model. Kelaniya Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(1): 72–100.

Muliawati, T. (2020). Peran Work-life balance Dan Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Milenial: Studi Literatur. Ilmu Manajemen, XX(XX): 606–620.

Nurendra, A. M., & Saraswati, M. P. (2017). Model Peranan Work Life Balance, Stres Kerja Dan Kepuasan Kerja Pada Karyawan. Humanitas, 13(2): 84–94.

Nurjaya, Affandi, A., Ilham, D., Jasmani, & Sunarsi, D. (2021). Pengaruh Kompetensi Sumber Daya Manusia Dan Kemampuan Pemanfaatan Teknologi Terhadap Kinerja Aparatur Desa Pada Kantor Kepala Desa Di Kabupaten Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta. JENIUS (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia), 4(3): 332–346.

Oktarina. (2021). Pengaruh Kompetensi terhadap Kinerja Perawat yang Bertugas di Ruang Rawat Inap RSU Ganesha. Jurnal Info Kesehatan, 11(1): 306–312.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 30 Tahun 2019 Tentang Penilaian Kinerja Pegawai Negeri Sipil.

Pradnyana, M. A. W., Agung, A. A. P., & Landra, N. (2018). The Effect of Competence On Employes Performance With Physical And Leadership Work Environment As Moderating Variables On CV Bhuana Garment Denpasar. IJSEGCE, 2(1): 39–47.

Pramesthi, R. A. J., Hartati, A. S., & Rahatmawati, I. (2020). Pengaruh Beban Kerja Dan Kompetensi Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Yang Dimediasi Oleh Stres Kerja. Jembatan : Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen, 17(1): 51–60.

Prawira, I. G. A. G. Y., & Suwandana, I. G. M. (2019). Peran Kepuasan Kerja Memediasi Pengaruh Stres Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Housekeeping Department Fave Hotel. E-Jurnal Manajemen Universitas Udayana, 8(8): 5060–5089.

Rafsanjani, F., Nursyamsi, I., & Pono, M. (2019). Pengaruh Work-life balance Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Dengan Stres Kerja Dan Kepuasan Kerja Sebagai Variabel Intervening. Hasanuddin Journal of Business (HJBS), 1(4): 285–287.

Rahyuda, K., Yasa, W. M., & Yuliarmi, N. (2004). Buku Ajar Metodologi Penelitian. Denpasar: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Udayana.

Razak, M. I. M., Yusof, N., Azidin, R. A., Latif, M. M. R. H. A., & Imasil, I. (2014). The Impact of Work Stress Towards Work Life Balance. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and MAnagement, II(11): 1–16.

Rini, I. P. (2017). Pengaruh Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Waktu Proyek Pada Bangunan Bertingkat. Jurnal Infrastruktur, 3(2): 127–135.

Rismawati, & Mattalata. (2018). Evaluasi Kinerja: Penilaian Kinerja Atas Dasar Prestasi Kerja Berorientasi Kedepan (Vol. 1). Makassar: Celebes Media Perkasa.

Rizky, D., & Afrianty, T. W. (2018). Pengaruh Beban Kerja Terhadap Stres Kerja Dengan Work Life Balance Sebagai Variabel Intervening (Studi Pada Dinas Sosial Provinsi Jawa Timur Surabaya). Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis (JAB), 61(4): 47–53.

Sahir, A., Afzal, M., Hussain, M., & Gillani, S. A. (2019). The Impact of Stress on Competency Among Nursing Students in Lahore, Pakistan. Journal of Advances in Education and Philosophy, 3(5): 200–203.

Saina, I., Pio, R., & Rumawas, W. (2016). Pengaruh Work Life Balance Dan Kompensasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada PT PLN (PERSERO) Wilayah Suluttenggo Area Manado. Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis UNSRAT, 4(3): 1–9.

Setyowati, S. (2017). Analisis Pengaruh Locus Of Control Dan Stres Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen & Bisnis, 18(2): 129-139.

Sirajunisa, K., & Panchanatham, N. (2010). Influence of Occupational Stress on Work Life Balance among Women Professionals. The Journal of Commerce, 2(1): 44–57.

Suharti, L., & Agung, S. (2014). The Impact Of Workload And Technology Competence On Technostress And Performance Of Employees. Indian Journal of Commerce & Management Studies, V(2): 1–7.

Sunarsi, D., Akbar, I. R., Prasada, D., Kristianti, L. S., Muliani, H. S., Anjayani, N. S., & Hendra. (2020). Pengaruh Kompetensi dan Pengembangan Karir terhadap Kinerja Karyawan pada PT. Berkah Cemerlang di Jakarta. Jurnal Ilmu Komputer Dan Bisnis, 11(2): 2465–2472.

Wambui, M. L., Cherotich, B. C., Emily, T., & Dave, B. (2017). Effects of Work life Balance on Employees’ Performance in Institutions of Higher Learning. A Case Study of Kabarak University. Kabarak Journal of Research & Innovation, 4(2): 60–79.

Wartono, T. (2017). Pengaruh Stres Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan (Studi Pada Karyawan Majalah Mother And Baby). KREATIF : Jurnal Ilmiah Prodi Manajemen Universitas Pamulang, 4(2): 41–55.

Weerasinghe, T. D., & Dilhara, M. G. D. (2018). Effect of Work Stress on Work Life Balance: Moderating Role of Work-Life Support Organizational Culture in Sri Lanka Customs Department. Kalyani: Journal of the University of Kelaniya, 32(1–2): 46–69.

Wiratama, I. N. J. A., & Sintaasih, D. K. (2013). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan, Diklat, dan Disiplin Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan PDAM Tirta Mangutama Kabupaten Badung. Jurnal Manajemen, Strategi Bisnis, Dan Kewirausahaan, 7(2): 126–134.

Downloads

Published

2022-07-27

How to Cite

Pradnyani, N. W. S., & Rahyuda, A. G. . (2022). Peran Stres Kerja dalam Memediasi Pengaruh Work-Life Balance dan Kompetensi terhadap Kinerja Pegawai. Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen, 10(3), 806–820. https://doi.org/10.26740/jim.v10n3.p806-820

Issue

Section

Artikel
Abstract views: 296 , PDF Downloads: 369