Pengaruh job insecurity terhadap employee performance melalui procedural justice


  • Erlynda Sabirina Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Khoirur Rozaq Universitas Negeri Surabaya


Employee Performance, Job Insecurity, Procedural Justice


This study aims to examine and analyze the effect of job insecurity on employee performance through procedural justice for employees of PT. X. The approach used in this research is quantitative. The sampling technique uses a saturated sample with a total of 46 employees. The data in this study were analyzed using the Structural Equation Model Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) with the help of smartPLS 4.0 software. The results showed that job insecurity had a significant negative effect on employee performance, job insecurity had a significant negative effect on procedural justice, procedural justice had a significant positive effect on employee performance, the role of procedural justice mediated a negative effect between job insecurity on employee performance. The implications of these findings that can be applied to PT X is that companies must further improve and improve procedural justice and after that only by increasing job insecurity by improving and increasing employee performance in the company


Awosusi, O. O., & Fasanmi, S. S. (2014). Who’s Next for the Axe? Procedural Justice and Job Insecurity among Bankers in Nigeria. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 403–409.

Chien, M. S., Lawler, J. S., & Uen, J. F. (2013). Performance-based pay, procedural justice and job performance for R&D professionals: Evidence from the taiwanese high-tech sector. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21(12), 2234–2248.

Cropanzano, R., Bowen, D. E., & Gilliland, S. W. (2007). The management of organizational justice. Academy of Management Perspectives, 21(4), 34–48.

de Cuyper, N., de Witte, H., Elst, T. Vander, & Handaja, Y. (2010). Objective threat of unemployment and situational uncertainty during a restructuring: Associations with perceived job insecurity and strain. Journal of Business and Psychology, 25(1), 75–85.

Debus, M. E., Unger, D., & König, C. J. (2020). Job insecurity and performance over time: the critical role of job insecurity duration. Career Development International, 25(3), 325–336.

Greenhalgh, L., & Rosenblatt, Z. (2010). Evolution of research on job insecurity. International Studies of Management and Organization, 40(1), 6–19.

Gupta, V., Mittal, S., Ilavarasan, P. V., & Budhwar, P. (2022). Pay-for-performance, procedural justice, OCB and job performance: a sequential mediation model. Personnel Review, ahead-of-print.

Handaru, A., Rahman, N., & Parimita, W. (2021). Tabel (24,177 > 3,07). 12(1), 15–39.

Hausknecht, J. P., Sturman, M. C., & Roberson, Q. M. (2011). Justice as a Dynamic Construct: Effects of Individual Trajectories on Distal Work Outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(4), 872–880.

Kausto, J., Elo, A. L., Lipponen, J., & Elovainio, M. (2013). Moderating effects of job insecurity in the relationships between procedural justice and employee well-being: Gender differences. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 14(4), 431–452.

Khtatbeh, M. M., Mahomed, A. S. B., Rahman, S. bin A., & Mohamed, R. (2020). The mediating role of procedural justice on the relationship between job analysis and employee performance in Jordan Industrial Estates. Heliyon, 6(10), e04973.

Korkaew, J., & Suthinee, R. (2012). Factors Affecting Job Performance: A Review of Literature. Silpakorn University. Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Arts, 12(2), 115–127.

Loi, R., Lam, L. W., & Chan, K. W. (2013). Coping with Job Insecurity: The Role of Procedural Justice, Ethical Leadership and Power Distance Orientation. Journal of Business Ethics, 108(3), 361–372.

Loi, R., Ngo, H. Y., Zhang, L., & Lau, V. P. (2011). The interaction between leader-member exchange and perceived job security in predicting employee altruism and work performance. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 84(4), 669–685.

Lozza, E., Libreri, C., & Bosio, A. C. (2013). Temporary employment, job insecurity and their extraorganizational outcomes. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 34(1), 89–105.

Mathis, R. L., & Jackson, J. H. (2011). Human Resource Management.

Ngo, H.-Y., Li, H., Zhang, C., Hirschi, A., Herrmann, A., Wei, J., & Zhang, J. (2015). Career Development International Chinese traditionality and career success: Mediating roles of procedural justice and job insecurity Article information.

Nurnanigsih, S., & Wahyono. (2017). Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja, Motivasi Kerja Dan Komitmen Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Melalui Organizational Citizenship Behavior (Ocb) Sebagai Variabel Intervening. Economic Education Analysis Journal, 6(2), 365–378.

Pan, X., Chen, M., Hao, Z., & Bi, W. (2018). The effects of organizational justice on positive organizational behavior: Evidence from a large-sample survey and a situational experiment. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 2315.

Park, K. H., Youn, S. J., & Moon, J. (2020). The effect of workforce restructuring on withdrawal behavior: The role of job insecurity, career plateau and procedural justice. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 7(7), 413–424.

Piccoli, B., & De Witte, H. (2015). Job insecurity and emotional exhaustion: Testing psychological contract breach versus distributive injustice as indicators of lack of reciprocity. Work and Stress, 29(3), 246–263.

Podder, P., & Ferdausy, S. (2014). Role of perceived organizational justice on job performance: an empirical study at the private commercial banks of Bangladesh. The Chittagong University Journal of Business Administration, 29, 213–232.

Raden Rudi Alhempi. (2015). Pengaruh Komitmen Organisasi dan Ketidakamanan Pekerjaan (Job Insecurity) terhadap Intensi Turnover Tenaga Pengajar di Sekolah ABC Pekanbaru. Jurnal Ekonomi KIAT, 25(2), 1–13.

Raja, U., Sheikh, R. A., Abbas, M., & Bouckenooghe, D. (2018). Do procedures really matter when rewards are more important? A Pakistani perspective on the effects of distributive and procedural justice on employee performance. Revue Europeenne de Psychologie Appliquee, 68(2), 79–88.

Rasul Baharsyah, A., & Nugrohoseno, D. (2021). Pengaruh Employee Engagement terhadap Job Performance melalui Creativity sebagai Variabel Mediasi. Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen, 9(3), 1279–1292.

Refaldo, D., Kuswarak, K., & Zulfikar, I. (2020). Pengaruh Budaya Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada Pt. Cahaya Timur Di Bandar Lampung. Jurnal Manajemen Mandiri Saburai (JMMS), 1(02), 61–69.

Rinny, P., Purba, C. B., & Handiman, U. T. (2022). The Influence Of Compensation, Job Promotion, And Job Satisfaction On Employee Performance Of Mercubuana University. International Journal of Business Marketing and Management (IJBMM), 5(2 February 2020), 39–48.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2015). Perilaku organisasi (Organizational behavior 16th edition). Jakarta: McGraw Hill Dan Salemba Empat.

Shan, S., Ishaq, H. M., & Shaheen, M. A. (2015). Impact of organizational justice on job performance in libraries: Mediating role of leader-member exchange relationship. Library Management, 36(1/2), 70–85.

Shao, R., Rupp, D. E., Skarlicki, D. P., & Jones, K. S. (2013). Employee Justice Across Cultures: A Meta-Analytic Review. Journal of Management, 39(1), 263–301.

Shin, Y., & Hur, W.-M. (2021). When do job-insecure employees keep performing well? The buffering roles of help and prosocial motivation in the relationship between job insecurity, work engagement, and job performance. Journal of Business and Psychology, 36, 659–678.

Shoss, M. K. (2017). Job Insecurity: An Integrative Review and Agenda for Future Research. Journal of Management, 43(6), 1911–1939.

Silla, I., Gracia, F. J., Mañas, M. A., & Peiró, J. M. (2010). Job insecurity and employees’ attitudes: The moderating role of fairness. International Journal of Manpower, 31(4), 449–465.

Sora, B., Caballer, A., Peiró, J. M., Silla, I., & Gracia, F. J. (2010). Moderating influence of organizational justice on the relationship between job insecurity and its outcomes: A multilevel analysis. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 31(4), 613–637.

Stander, MaStander, M. W., & Rothmann, S. (2010). Psychological empowerment, job insecurity and employee engagement. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36(1), 1–8.rius W, & Rothmann, S. (2010). Psychological empowerment, job insecurity and employee engagement. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36(1), 1–8.

Sugijono. (2015). Pemeliharaan Karyawan Dalam Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (The Employee Maintenance In The Human Resource Management) Sugijono Jurusan Teknik Elektro Politeknik Negeri Semarang. Garuda, 10(1), 46–52.

Sverke, M., Låstad, L., Hellgren, J., Richter, A., & Näswall, K. (2019). A meta-analysis of job insecurity and employee performance: testing temporal aspects, rating source, welfare regime, and union density as moderators. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(14).

Tampubolon, M. P. (2020). Change Management Manajemen Perubahan : Individu, Tim Kerja Organisasi. In Bogor; Mitra Wacana Media.

Unud, E. M. (2019). Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh. 5(8), 4983–5012.

van Vuuren, T., de Jong, J. P., & Smulders, P. G. W. (2020). The association between subjective job insecurity and job performance across different employment groups: Evidence from a representative sample from the Netherlands. Career Development International, 25(3), 229–246.

Vander Elst, T., Richter, A., Sverke, M., Näswall, K., De Cuyper, N., & De Witte, H. (2014). Threat of losing valued job features: The role of perceived control in mediating the effect of qualitative job insecurity on job strain and psychological withdrawal. Work & Stress, 28(2), 143–164.

Wang, H. J., Lu, C. Q., & Siu, O. L. (2015). Job insecurity and job performance: The moderating role of organizational justice and the mediating role of work engagement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100(4), 1249–1258.

Wijayati, D. T., Kautsar, A., & Karwanto, K. (2020). Emotional intelligence, work family conflict, and job satisfaction on junior high school teacher’s performance. International Journal of Higher Education, 9(1), 179–188.

Zhong, X. Y., Lu, W. X., Ling, S. O., & Kan, S. (2013). Protective effects of interactional justice on job insecurity of Chinese workers: Evidence from a large-scale state-owned telecom company. Proceedings - 2010 IEEE 2nd Symposium on Web Society, SWS 2010, 443–448.




How to Cite

Sabirina, E., & Rozaq, K. (2023). Pengaruh job insecurity terhadap employee performance melalui procedural justice . Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen, 694–705. Retrieved from



Abstract views: 149 , PDF Downloads: 149