Perilaku Prososial Sebagai Prediktor Status Teman Sebaya Pada Remaja

Authors

  • Unita Werdi Rahajeng Universitas Brawijaya
  • Tri Yogi Adi Wigati Universitas Brawijaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26740/jptt.v8n2.p124-132

Keywords:

Remaja, peer assessment, perilaku prososial, status teman sebaya

Abstract

In the peer group of adolescence, peer status plays a crucial role. There are 5 kinds of peer status, namely  popular, rejected, neglected, controversial, and average status. Social competence of the youth can be a predictor of peer status, one of the youths social competences that becomes the focus of this research is prosocial behaviour. Prosocial behavior is generally acceptable in social environment; however, the significance of prosocial behaviour in predicting the status of adolescents in peer groups still needs to be studied. Prosocial behaviour was identified through Peer Assessment Prosocial Behaviour adapted from Greener (2000), while peer status was identified through sociometric techniques by categorizing peer status according to the techniques by Coie, Dodge, and Cappotelli (1982). There were 114 adolescents as research participants (57.9% male, Mean Age = 12.70 years). With multinomial logistic regression analysis, it was concluded that prosocial behaviour was able to predict peer status (χ2 (4) = 48.68, p <0.001) with prediction ability of 56.1%. The effect of prosocial behaviour on the establishment of each peer status will be discussed in more detail in this article.

Key words: Adolescent, peer assessment, prosocial behaviour, peer status

Abstrak: Status di kelompok sebayanya merupakan status sosial yang berperan penting di masa remaja. Adapun terdapat 5 macam status teman sebaya, yaitu populer, rejected (ditolak), neglected (diabaikan), controversial (kontroversial), dan average (rata-rata). Kompetensi sosial remaja dapat menjadi prediktor terhadap status teman sebaya, salah satu yang akan menjadi fokus penelitian ini adalah perilaku prososial. Sebagai bentuk perilaku yang secara umum dapat diterima dalam lingkungan sosial, peneliti ingin mengetahui seberapa signifikan peranannya dalam memprediksi status remaja dalam kelompok teman sebaya. Perilaku prososial diidentifikasikan melalui Peer Assessment Prosocial Behavior yang diadaptasi dari Greener (2000). Sedangkan status teman sebaya diidentifikasi melalui teknik sosiometri dengan pengkategorisasian status teman sebaya mengikuti teknik yang digagas oleh Coie, Dodge, dan Cappotelli (1982). Terdapat 114 orang remaja sebagai partisipan penelitian (57.9% laki-laki, Mean Usia = 12.70 tahun). Dengan teknik multinominal logistic regression disimpulkan bahwa perilaku prososial remaja mampu memprediksikan status teman sebaya (χ2(4) = 48.68, p<0.001) dengan kemampuan prediksi sebesar 56.1%. Efek perilaku prososial terhadap terbentuknya masing-masing status teman sebaya akan didiskusikan lebih rinci dalam artikel ini.

Author Biographies

Unita Werdi Rahajeng, Universitas Brawijaya

Jurusan Psikologi Universitas Brawijaya

Tri Yogi Adi Wigati, Universitas Brawijaya

Jurusan Psikologi

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Published

2018-03-26
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