Structural and Optical Properties of Bismuth-doped Cerium Oxide Prepared at a Low Temperature

Authors

  • Safira Arta Paramita Universitas Diponegoro
  • Iis Nurhasanah Universitas Diponegoro
  • Ali Khumaeni Universitas Diponegoro

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26740/jpfa.v13n1.p16-24

Keywords:

CeO2, Precipitation method, ultrasonic irradiation, structural properties, optical properties

Abstract

Cerium oxide (CeO2) is a functional material with excellent physicochemical properties. Its properties can be modified by doping with different elements, including bismuth, which can be done through various synthesis methods. The precipitation method combined with ultrasonic radiation was used to synthesize bismuth-doped cerium oxide (CeO2:Bi) at a low temperature of 200oC. In this study, we investigate the alteration of structural and optical properties of as-prepared CeO2:Bi by subjecting it to additional calcination at a high temperature of 500oC. The structural and optical properties of CeO2:Bi were characterized using thermal gravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive X-Ray, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, and UV-Visible spectroscopy. The additional calcination produced a less significant weight-loss percentage than the as-prepared CeO2:Bi observed from the gravimetric curve. The Fourier transform infrared spectrum revealed the loss of a small number of hydroxyl molecules trapped on the CeO2:Bi surface when additional calcination was subjected. Based on the X-ray diffraction spectra, additional calcination results in the smallest crystallite size and compressive strain without the changed cubic crystal structure of CeO2:Bi. The successful doping of Bi in CeO2 was confirmed by the composition analysis from Energy Dispersive X-Ray measurement. Scanning electron microscope image showed spherical and agglomerated particles of calcined CeO2:Bi. The optical properties of both CeO2:Bi possessed similar trend absorption spectra and almost the same band gap energy. The results indicated that the calcination of as-prepared CeO2:Bi at a temperature of 500oC did not affect its structural and optical properties significantly. Thus, combining ultrasonic radiation with precipitation is an advantageous method to synthesize at a low temperature of stable CeO2:Bi crystalline.

References

Zhang J, Liu Q, He Q, and Nozaki Y. Rare Earth Elements and Their Isotopes in the Ocean. In Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences. Netherlands: Elsevier; 2019: 181–197. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.10855-3.

Spiridigliozzi L. Doped-Ceria Electrolytes Synthesis, Sintering and Characterization. Switzerland: Springer Cham; 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99395-9.

Ranasinghe KS, et al. Evidence of the Coexistence of Multivalence Cerium Oxide Nano-Particles in a Sodium Borate Glass. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 2019; 515: 75–81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2019.04.001.

Li J, et al. Distribution and Valence State of Ru Species on CeO2 Supports: Support Shape Effect and Its Influence on CO Oxidation. ACS Catalysis. 2019; 9(12): 11088–11103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.9b03113.

Pujar MS, Hunagund SM, Desai VR, Patil S, and Sidarai AH. One-Step Synthesis and Characterizations of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles in an Ambient Temperature via Co-Precipitation Method. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2018; 1942: 050026. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028657.

Garzón-Manjón A, et al. Simple Synthesis of Biocompatible Stable CeO2 Nanoparticles as Antioxidant Agents. Bioconjugate Chemistry. 2018; 29(7): 2325–2331. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.8b00300.

Wang F, et al. Effect of Cerium Oxide on Phase Composition, Structure, Thermal Stability and Aqueous Durability of Sodium-Iron-Boron-Phosphate Based Glasses. Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2021; 556: 153199. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2021.153199.

Jose S, et al. Low Temperature Synthesis of NIR Reflecting Bismuth Doped Cerium Oxide Yellow Nano-Pigments. Materials Letters. 2018; 233: 82–85. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.08.136.

Mauro M, et al. Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Absorption through Intact and Damaged Human Skin. Molecules. 2019; 24(20): 3759. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24203759.

Sun X, et al. Surface Protonic Conductivity in Chemisorbed Water in Porous Nanoscopic CeO2. Applied Surface Science. 2023; 611(A): 155590. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2022.155590.

Corro G, et al. Biodiesel and Fossil-Fuel Diesel Soot Oxidation Activities of Ag/CeO2 Catalyst. Fuel. 2019; 250: 17–26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2019.03.043.

Pal P, et al. CeO2 Nanowires with High Aspect Ratio and Excellent Catalytic Activity for Selective Oxidation of Styrene by Molecular Oxygen. RSC Advances. 2013; 3(27): 10837–10847. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ra23485a.

An K, et al. Synergistic Reinforcement Coating with Anti-Corrosion and UV Aging Resistance by Filling Modified CeO2 Nanoflakes. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 2021; 625: 126904. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2021.126904.

Iqbal A, et al. Biogenic Synthesis of CeO2 Nanoparticles and Its Potential Application as an Efficient Photocatalyst for the Degradation of Toxic Amido Black Dye. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management. 2021; 16: 100505. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enmm.2021.100505.

Parwaiz S, Khan MM, and Pradhan D. CeO2-Based Nanocomposites: An Advanced Alternative to TiO2 and ZnO in Sunscreens. Materials Express. 2019; 9(3): 185–202. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/mex.2019.1495.

Ditlopo N, et al. From Khoi-San Indigenous Knowledge to Bioengineered CeO2 Nanocrystals to Exceptional UV-Blocking Green Nanocosmetics. Scientific Reports. 2022; 12(1): 3468. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-06828-x.

Kusmierek E. A CeO2 Semiconductor as a Photocatalytic and Photoelectrocatalytic Material for the Remediation of Pollutants in Industrial Wastewater: A Review. Catalysts. 2020; 10(12): 1–54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10121435.

Sharma D and Mehta BR. Nanostructured TiO2 Thin Films Sensitized by CeO2 as an Inexpensive Photoanode for Enhanced Photoactivity of Water Oxidation. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2018; 749: 329–335. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.03.228.

Lucid AK, Keating PRL, Allen JP, and Watson GW. Structure and Reducibility of CeO2 Doped with Trivalent Cations. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2016; 120(41): 23430–23440. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b08118.

Murugadoss G, Ma J, Ning X, and Kumar MR. Selective Metal Ions Doped CeO2 Nanoparticles for Excellent Photocatalytic Activity under Sun Light and Supercapacitor Application. Inorganic Chemistry Communications. 2019; 109: 107577. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.inoche.2019.107577.

Hebert SC and Stöwe K. Synthesis and Characterization of Bismuth-Cerium Oxides for the Catalytic Oxidation of Diesel Soot. Materials. 2020; 13(6): 1369. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13061369.

Liu Y, et al. Bi-Doped Ceria with Increased Oxygen Vacancy for Enhanced CO2 Photoreduction Performance. Wuji Cailiao Xuebao/Journal of Inorganic Materials. 2021; 36(1): 88–94. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15541/jim20200142.

Jiang D, et al. Bismuth-Induced Integration of Solar Energy Conversion with Synergistic Low-Temperature Catalysis in Ce1-XBixO2-δ Nanorods. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2013; 117(46): 24242–24249. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jp4092943.

Santra C, Auroux A, and Chowdhury B. Bi Doped CeO2 Oxide Supported Gold Nanoparticle Catalysts for the Aerobic Oxidation of Alcohols. RSC Advances. 2016; 6(51): 45330–45342. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ra05216a.

Efendi AF and Nurhasanah I. UV-Light Absorption and Photocatalytic Properties of Zn-Doped CeO2 Nanopowders Prepared by Ultrasound Irradiation. Materials Science Forum, 2015; 827: 56–61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.827.56.

Ansari AA and Kaushik A. Synthesis and Optical Properties of Nanostructured Ce(OH)4. Journal of Semiconductors. 2010; 31(3): 033001. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-4926/31/3/033001.

di Lauro C. Rotational Structure in Molecular Infrared Spectra. Netherlands: Elsevier; 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/C2012-0-03393-5.

Al-Otaibi AL, Howsawi E, and Ghrib T. Structural and Optical Characteristics of Pure and 5%RE (Tb, Y and Eu) Doped ZnO. Nano-Structures and Nano-Objects. 2020; 24: 100551. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoso.2020.100551.

Ashraf R, Riaz S, Kayani ZN, and Naseem S. Effect of Calcination on Properties of ZnO Nanoparticles. Material Today: Proceedings, 2015; 2(10B): 5468-5472. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2015.11.071.

Muche DNF, Souza FL, and Castro RHR. New Ultrasonic Assisted Co-Precipitation for High Surface Area Oxide Based Nanostructured Materials. Reaction Chemistry and Engineering. 2018; 3(3): 244–250. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c7re00183e.

Gahrouei ZE, Imani M, Soltani M, and Shafyei A. Synthesis of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Hyperthermia Application: Effect of Ultrasonic Irradiation Assisted Co-Precipitation Route. Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 2020; 11(2): 025001. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/2043-6254/ab878f.

Downloads

Published

2023-06-29

How to Cite

Paramita, S. A., Nurhasanah, I. and Khumaeni, A. (2023) “Structural and Optical Properties of Bismuth-doped Cerium Oxide Prepared at a Low Temperature”, Jurnal Penelitian Fisika dan Aplikasinya (JPFA), 13(1), pp. 16–24. doi: 10.26740/jpfa.v13n1.p16-24.

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract views: 382 , PDF Downloads: 351