Penerapan Prompting dan Fading untuk Mengembangkan Tanggung Jawab Pada Anak Usia Sekolah

Authors

  • Linda Mutiara Larassati Universitas Indonesia
  • Fenny Hartiani Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26740/jptt.v8n2.p101-111

Keywords:

Prompting, fading, tanggung jawab

Abstract

The cultivation of responsibility values in children is not often the main focus for parents. Whereas, the responsibility plays an important role for the development of self esteem, self-identity, and children well-being. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of prompting and fading techniques to develop responsibility in school-aged children starting from the simple behavior that is, putting objects that have been used in appropiate places. This study was conducted on a 7 years old child in second grade elementary school, using single case A-B design and implemented in 8 sessions. The results show that the application of behavior modification program with prompting and fading techniques can develop responsibility in a 7-years old child primarily in the case of putting an object in its place after using it.

Key words : Prompting, fading, responsibility

Abstrak : Penanaman nilai-nilai tanggung jawab pada anak seringkali tidak menjadi fokus utama bagi orang tua. Padahal, rasa tanggung jawab berperan penting bagi perkembangan self esteem, pembentukan identitas diri, serta kesejahteraan mental anak. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi efektivitas teknik prompting dan fading dalam mengembangkan rasa tanggung jawab pada anak usia sekolah dimulai dari perilaku yang sederhana yaitu, meletakkan barang yang telah digunakan di tempatnya. Perilaku tersebut merupakan manifestasi dari tanggung jawab terhadap barang pribadinya. Partisipan dalam intervensi ini adalah satu anak perempuan berinisial K, berusia 7 tahun, dan duduk di bangku kelas 2 SD. Penelitian ini menggunakan single case experimental A-B design. Intervensi dilakukan sebanyak 8 sesi menggunakan teknik modifikasi perilaku yaitu, prompting, transfer of stimulus control (fading), dan positive reinforcement. Analisis dilakukan dengan melihat perbandingan kemunculan perilaku meletakkan barang sebelum dan sesudah intervensi dilakukan. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa teknik prompting dan fading berhasil meningkatkan tanggung jawab berupa perilaku meletakkan barang di tempatnya secara konsisten pada anak usia 7 tahun.

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Published

2018-03-26
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