Pengaruh Ciri Kepribadian terhadap Intimacy pada Dewasa Muda yang Menjalin Hubungan Romantis

Authors

  • Linda Setiawati Universitas Indonesia
  • Fivi Nurwianti Universitas Indonesia
  • Grace Kilis Universitas Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26740/jptt.v8n2.p79-90

Keywords:

Hubungan intim, ciri kepribadian, hubungan romantis

Abstract

The aim of this research is to examine the impact of vigilant, devoted, and self-sacrificing personality styles on intimacy (engagement, communication, shared friends) among young adults in romantic relationships (dating/married). A total of 1000 respondents aged 20-40 years old completed questionnaires on personality styles (Personality Self-Portrait) and intimacy (Personal Assessment of Intimacy in Relationships). Data analysis using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) shows a significant impact of self-sacrificing personality styles on engagement (γ = -0,511, p < 0,01) and communication (γ = -0,361, p < 0,01). There are also significant influences of vigilant (γ = -0,225, p < 0,05) and devoted personality styles (γ = 0,132, p < 0,05) to shared friends. The impact of self-sacrificing personality styles indicates the importance of both parties involvement in influencing their relationship. Besides, being too sensitive (vigilant personality styles characteristic) and having a sense of comfort in relationships with others (devoted personality styles characteristic) could influence how individuals engage in social relationships outside their romantic relationships.

Key words: Intimacy, personality styles, romantic relationships

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan melihat pengaruh ciri kepribadian vigilant, devoted, dan self-sacrificing, terhadap intimacy (engagement, communication, shared friends) pada dewasa muda yang sedang menjalin hubungan romantis (berpacaran/menikah). Sebanyak 1000 responden berusia 20-40 tahun mengisi alat ukur ciri kepribadian (Personality Self-Portrait) dan intimacy (Personal Assessment of Intimacy in Relationships). Hasil analisis menggunakan Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) menunjukkan pengaruh ciri kepribadian self-sacrificing yang signifikan terhadap engagement (γ = -0,511, p < 0,01) dan communication (γ = -0,361, p < 0,01). Selain itu ditemukan pula pengaruh ciri kepribadian vigilant (γ = -0,225, p < 0,05) dan devoted (γ = 0,132, p < 0,05) yang signifikan terhadap shared friends, juga pengaruh status hubungan yang signifikan terhadap communication (γ = 0,102, p < 0,01). Pengaruh ciri kepribadian self-sacrificing yang signifikan menekankan pentingnya keterlibatan kedua pihak dalam mempengaruhi kualitas hubungan mereka. Selain itu, kepekaan yang terlalu tinggi (karakteristik ciri kepribadian vigilant) dan rasa nyaman akan hubungan dengan orang lain (karakteristik ciri kepribadian devoted) dapat mempengaruhi individu dalam menjalin hubungan dengan lingkungan sosial di luar hubungannya.

Author Biographies

Linda Setiawati, Universitas Indonesia

Fakultas Psikologi

Universitas Indonesia

Fivi Nurwianti, Universitas Indonesia

Fakultas Psikologi

Universitas Indonesia

Grace Kilis, Universitas Indonesia

Fakultas Psikologi 

Universitas Indonesia

References

Back, M. D., Baumert, A., Denissen, J. J. A., Hartung, F., Penke, L., Schmukle, S. C., Schonbrodt, F. D., Schroder-Abe, M., Vollman, M., Wagner, J., & Wrzus, C. (2011). PERSOC: A unified framework for understanding the dynamic interplay of personality and social relationships. European Journal of Personality, 25, 90-107. DOI: 10.1002/per.811

Barber, L. B., & Eccles, J. S. (2003). The joy of romance: Healthy adolescent relationships as an educational agenda. In P. Florsheim (Ed.), Adolescent romantic relations and sexual behavior: Theory, research, and practical implications. (pp. 355-370). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Bauminger, N., Finzi-Dottan, R., Chason, S., & Har-Even, D. (2008). Intimacy in adolescent friendship: The roles of attachment, coherence, and self-disclosure. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 25 (3), 409-428. DOI: 10.1177/0265407508090866

Caspi, A., & Roberts, B. W. (2001). Personality development across the life course: The argument for change and continuity. Psychological Inquiry: An International Journal for the Advancement of Psychological Theory, 12 (2), 49-66. DOI: 10.1207/S15327965PLI1202_01

Caspi, A., Roberts, B. W., & Shiner, R. L. (2005). Personality development: Stability and change. Annual Review Psychology, 56, 453-484. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141913

Chen, H., Cohen, P., Johnson, J. G., Kasen, S., Sneed, J. R., & Crawford, T. N. (2004). Adolescent personality disorders and conflict with romantic partners during the transition to adulthood. Journal of Personality Disorders, 18 (6), 507-525. DOI: 10.1521/pedi.18.6.507.54794

Constant, E., Vallet, F., Nandrino, J.-L., & Christophe, V. (2016). Personal assessment of intimacy in relationships: Validity and measurement invariance across gender. Revue européenne de psychologie appliquée, 666, 109-116. DOI: 10.1016/j.erap.2016.04.008

Dainton, M., & Stafford, L. (1993). Routine maintenance behaviors: A comparison of relationship type, partner similarity and sex differences. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 10, 255-271. DOI: 10.1177/026540759301000206

Feldman, S. S., Gowen, L. K., & Fisher, L. (1998). Family relationships and gender as predictors of romantic intimacy in young adults: A longitudinal study. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 8 (2), 263-286. DOI: 10.1207/s15327795jra0802_5

Finkbeiner, N. M., Epstein, N. B., & Falconier, M. K. (2012). Low intimacy as a mediator between depression and clinic couple relationship satisfaction. Personal Relationships, 20 (3), 406-421. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6811.2012.01415.x

Gravetter, F. J., & Forzano, L. B. (2012). Research methods for the behavioral sciences. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Heller, P. E., & Wood, B. (2000). The influence of religious and ethnic differences on marital intimacy: Intermarriage versus intramarriage. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 26 (2), 241-252. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2000.tb00293.x

Hill, D. L. (2006). Sense of belonging as connectedness, American Indian worldview, and mental health. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 20 (5), 210-216. DOI: 10.1016/j.apnu.2006.04.003

Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6 (1), 1-55. DOI: 10.1080/10705519909540118

Lippert, T., & Prager, K. J. (2001). Daily experiences of intimacy: A study of couples. Personal Relationship, 8, 283-298. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6811.2001.tb00041.x

Miller, J., & Tedder, B. (2011). The discrepancy between expectations and reality: Satisfaction in romantic relationships. Hannover College. Diakses dari http://psych.hanover.edu/research/Thesis12/papers/Millar%20Teddar%20Final%20Paper.pdf

Millon, T., Grossman, S., Millon, C., Meagher, S., & Ramnath, R. (2004). Personality disorders in modern life (2nd ed.). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Moore, K. A., McCabe, M. P., & Stockdale, J. E. (1998). Factor analysis of the Personal Assessment of Intimacy in Relationships Scale (PAIR): Engagement, communication and shared friendships. Sexual and Marital Therapy, 13 (4), 361-369. DOI: 10.1080/02674659808404254

Oldham, J. M., & Morris, L. B. (1995). The new personality self-portrait: Why you think, work, love, and act the way you do. New York, NY: Bantam Books.

Osgarby, S. M., & Halford, W. K. (2013). Couple relationship distress and observed expression of intimacy during reminiscence about positive relationship events. Behavior Therapy, 44, 686-700. DOI: 10.1016/j.beth.2013.05.003

Overall, N. C., Simpson, J. A., Fletcher, G. J., & Sibley, C. G. (2009). Regulating partners in intimate relationships: The costs and benefits of different communication strategies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96 (3), 620-639. DOI: 10.1037/a0012961

Papalia, D. E. & Martorell, G. (2014). Experience human development (13th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

Reis, H. T., & Shaver, P. (1988). Intimacy as an interpersonal process. In S. W. Duck (Ed.), Handbook of personal relationships. (pp. 367-389). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Robins, R. W., Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2000). Two personalities, one relationship: Both partners personality traits shape the quality of their relationship. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79 (2), 251-259. DOI: 10.1037//0022-3514.79.2.251

Schaefer, M. T., & Olson, D. H. (1981). Assessing intimacy: The pair inventory. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 47-60. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.1981.tb01351.x

Staudinger, U. M., & Kunzmann, U. (2005). Positive adult personality development: Adjustment and/or growth?. European Psychologist, 10 (4), 320-329. DOI: 10.1027/1016-9040.10.4.320

Walker, L. M., Hamptom, A., & Robinson, J. W. (2014). Assessment of relational intimacy: Factor analysis of the personal assessment of intimacy in relationships questionnaire. Psycho-Oncology, 23, 346-349. DOI: 10.1002/pon.3416

White, J. K., Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C. (2004). Big five personality variables and relationship constructs. Personality and Individual Differences, 37, 1519-1530. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2004.02.019

Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., & Petherick, J. (2006). Intimacy dating goals and relationship satisfaction during adolescence and emerging adulthood: Identity formation, age and sex as moderators. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 30 (2), 167-177. DOI: 10.1177/0165025406063636

Downloads

Published

2018-03-26
Abstract views: 2128 , PDF Downloads: 2428