Mapping of Destructive Tectonic Earthquakes in the West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) Region Based on the Zhao Attenuation Function

Authors

  • Ahmad Luthfin UIN Malang
  • Irjan Irjan UIN Malang
  • Septiana Nur Hidayati UIN Malang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26740/jpfa.v12n2.p156-166

Keywords:

Tectonic Earthquake; West Nusa Tenggara;Zhao Attenuation function

Abstract

NTB is a group of small islands located between the earthquake zone, namely in the south there is a subduction zone of the Eurasian and Indo-Australian plates and in the north, there is a back-arc fault or Flores Thrust. Earthquakes in this area are very active in the form of shallow tectonic earthquakes of large magnitude, so the risk of disaster is very high. Based on this, our research aims to map the distribution of destructive earthquakes using the attenuation function Zhao, released in 2006. The Zhao attenuation function has been applied to earthquake sources in subduction zones which are inputs for seismic hazards in various parts of the world, because the distance uncertainty factor used has better accuracy. The distribution of earthquake epicenter points in the West Nusa Tenggara region is clustered in four places, namely the Eurasian and Indo-Australian plate subduction zones in the sea south of the West Nusa Tenggara islands, the non-volcanic zone to the south of the West Nusa Tenggara islands, the volcanic zone to the east, and the Back Arc Thrust zone in the waters north of the NTB islands. Meanwhile, the hypocenter distribution is spread majorly on the Eurasian plate. Most of the islands of West Nusa Tenggara are characterized on the MMI VII-VIII intensity scale, and only a small part is characterized on the V-VI MMI intensity scale. The implications of the results of this research are useful in disaster mitigation, so it is hoped that there will be a reduction in disaster risk.

References

Nur AM. Gempa Bumi, Tsunami dan Mitigasinya. Jurnal Geografi. 2010; 7(1): 66-73. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/jg.v7i1.92.

Puspasari F and Wahyudi W. Distribusi Coulomb Stress Akibat Gempabumi Tektonik Selatan Pulau Jawa Berdasarkan Data Gempa Tektonik 1977-2000. Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya. 2017; 13(2): 74-77. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12962/j24604682.v13i2.2745.

Sukrisna B, Brotopuspito KS, Wahyudi W, Suryanto W, and Sunardi B. Analysis of Seismic Activity 1973-2012 in the Volcanic Arc System of West Nusa Tenggara ( NTB ) to Examine the Rinjani VolcanoActivity. The Third Basic Science International Conference - 2013. 2013: P35-1 - P35-5.

Suku YL, et al. Optimalisasi Mitigasi Bahaya Gempa Bumi Melalui Penyuluhan Rumah Tahan Gempa Di Kelurahan Rewarangga Selatan Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. JMM: Jurnal Masyarakat Mandiri. 2022; 6(2): 1030–1040. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31764/jmm.v6i2.6970.

Taruna RM and Banyunegoro VH. Earthquake Relocation Using Double Difference Method for 2D Modelling of Subducting Slab and Back Arc Thrust in West Nusa Tenggara. Jurnal Penelitian Fisika dan Aplikasinya (JPFA). 2018; 8(2): 132-143. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26740/jpfa.v8n2.p132-143.

Sabtaji A. Statistik Kejadian Gempa Bumi Tektonik Tiap Provinsi Di Wilayah Indonesia Selama 11 Tahun Pengamatan (2009-2019). Buletin Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika. 2020; 1(7): 31–46.

Yariyan P, Avand M, Soltani F, Ghorbanzadeh O, and Blaschke T. Earthquake Vulnerability Mapping Using Different Hybrid Models. Symmetry. 2020; 12(3): 405. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12030405.

Shao X, et al. Planet Image-Based Inventorying and Machine Learning-Based Susceptibility Mapping for the Landslides Triggered by the 2018 Mw6.6 Tomakomai, Japan Earthquake. Remote Sensing. 2019; 11(8): 978. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11080978.

Jailani MA, Ali M, and Hasanah S. Implementasi Rehab-Rekon Perumahan Pasca Gempa Bumi Di Nusa Tenggara Barat. Journal of Government and Politics (JGOP). 2020; 2(2): 127-140. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31764/jgop.v2i2.2812.

Sakban A, Maemunah, and Hafsah. Disaster Management Education of the Earthquake By Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Centre. Paedagoria. 2020; 11(1): 28–35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31764/paedagoria.v11i1.1838.

Septia AQ and Indartono S. Earthquake Vulnerability in West Nusa Tenggara: Risk Perception, Previous Experience and Preparedness. Advances in Social Sciences, Education and Humanities Research. 2019; 323: 207–213. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2991/icossce-icsmc-18.2019.39.

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana. Info Bencana Edisi Agustus 2018. Jakarta: PNBP; 2018. Available from: https://bnpb.go.id/uploads/24/info-bencana-agustus-2018-1.pdf.

Thene J. Mitigasi Bencana Gempa Bumi Berbasis Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Rote Kabupaten Rote Ndao Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Jurnal Teori dan Praksis Pembelajaran IPS. 2016; 1(2): 102–106.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um022v1i22016p102.

Kusumawati RD, Arviansyah A, Nurmala N, and Wibowo SS. Knowledge Management and Natural Disaster Preparedness: A Systematic Literature Review and a Case Study of East Lombok, Indonesia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2021; 58: 102223. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102223.

Oktorie O, Hermon D, Barlian E, Dewata I, and Umar I. Policy Model of Disaster Mitigation for Liquefaction Potential in Pagar Alam City-Indonesia. IJISET-International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering & Technology. 2020; 7(5): 107–113. Available from: https://ijiset.com/vol7/v7s5/IJISET_V7_I5_10.pdf.

Aizzah Z, Intan PK, and Utami WD. Prediksi Jumlah Gempa Tektonik di Wilayah Jawa Timur dengan Menggunakan Metode ARIMA Box Jenkins dan Kalman Filter. JRST (Jurnal Riset Sains dan Teknologi). 2021; 5(2): 111–116. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30595/jrst.v5i2.9701.

Risanti H and Prastowo T. Estimasi Parameter a-Value dan b-Value untuk Analisis Studi Seismisitas dan Potensi Bahaya Bencana Gempa Tektonik di Wilayah Maluku Utara. Jurnal Inovasi Fisika Indonesia (IFI). 2021; 10(1): 1–10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26740/ifi.v10n1.p1-10.

Asman A, Barlian E, Hermon D, Dewata I and Umar I. Mitigation and Adaptation of Community Using AHP in Earthquake Disaster-Prone Areas in Pagar Alam City-Indonesia. International Journal of Management and Humanities (IJMH). 2020; 4(9): 34–38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.I0851.054920.

Fukushima Y and Tanaka T. A New Attenuation Relation for Peak Horizontal Acceleration of Strong Earthquake Ground Motion in Japan. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 1990; 80(4): 757–783. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1785/BSSA0800040757.

Atkinson GM and Boore DM. Empirical Ground-Motion Relations for Subduction-Zone Earthquakes and Their Application to Cascadia and Other Regions. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 2003; 93(4): 1703–1729. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1785/0120080108.

Zhao JX, et al. Attenuation Relations of Strong Ground Motion in Japan Using Site Classification Based on Predominant Period. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 2006; 96(3): 898–913. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1785/0120050122.

Bunaga IGKS and Taruna RM. Studi Seismotektonik Nusa Tenggara Barat Menggunakan Data Gempa Tahun 1922-2021. Agregat. 2021; 6(2): 10927. Available from: http://journal.um-surabaya.ac.id/index.php/Agregat/article/view/10927.

Sunardi B. Analisa Fraktal Dan Rasio Slip Daerah Bali-Ntb Berdasarkan Pemetaan Variasi Parameter Tektonik. Jurnal Meteorologi dan Geofisika. 2009; 10(1): 58–65. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31172/jmg.v10i1.33.

Kurniawan S, Warnana DD, and Rochman JPGN. Pemetaan Kerawanan Bencana Gempa Bumi Dengan Metode Psha Periode Ulang 2500 Tahun Studi Kasus Pulau Lombok–Nusa Tenggara Barat. Jurnal Geosaintek. 2019; 5(3): 109-112. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12962/j25023659.v5i3.5387.

Kurniawan R. Pemetaan Ground Acceleration Menggunakan Metode Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis Di Propinsi Nusa Tenggara BaratPada Zona Megathrust. Proceeding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Informasi dan Kedirgantaraan (SENATIK). 2017; 3: 132-137. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.28989/senatik.v3i0.114.

Wei B, Li C, and He X. The Applicability of Different Earthquake Intensity Measures to the Seismic Vulnerability of a High-Speed Railway Continuous Bridge. International Journal of Civil Engineering. 2019; 17(7): 981–997. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40999-018-0347-3.

Salsabillah Q and Prastowo T. Analisis Relasi Momen Seismik Dan Magnitudo Momen Untuk Variasi Kedalaman Sumber Gempa Tektonik (Shallow, Intermediate, and Deep Sources). Jurnal Inovasi Fisika Indonesia (IFI). 2022; 11(1): 8–16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26740/ifi.v11n1.p8-16.

Zubaidah T, Kanata B, and Arumdati N. Hasil-Hasil Awal Pemantauan Keberadaan Anomali Geomagnet Ekstrem Di Pulau Lombok: Penentuan Pola Variasi Anomali Geomagnet untuk Prediksi Terjadinya Gempa Tektonik di Daerah Patahan. Jurnal Rekayasa, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Mataram. 2007; 8(1): 20-27.

Lavigne F, et al. Earthquakes and Tsunamis in Lombok, NTB: From Hazard Assessment to Crisis Management. Proceedings Internasional Conference on Science and Technology (ICST). 2020; 1: 320-326.

Available from: https://procceding.unram.ac.id/index.php/icst/article/view/66/pdf.

Suntoko H, Yatimantoro T, Susiati H, and Sunarko. Identifikasi Potensi Bahaya Tsunami Di Calon Tapak PLTN Daerah Pulau Rakit, Kec. Plampang, Sumbawa Besar, NTB. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Infrastruktur Energi Nuklir 2019. 2019: 223–232. Available from: https://digilib.batan.go.id/e-prosiding/File%20Prosiding/Iptek%20Nuklir/SIEN2019/Prosiding_SIEN2019/DATA/223_Hadi_Suntoko.pdf

Wattimanela HJ and Latupeirissa SJ. Analysis of Tectonic Earthquake Characteristics in the Province of Nusa Tenggara Barat Indonesia and Its Surroundings. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2020; 1463(1): 012002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1463/1/012002.

Widyarta R, Wijaya SK, Rosid MS, and Rohadi S. Identification of Fault Structure in Lombok Region, West Nusa Tenggara Using Tomography Lombok Earthquake Data of July-August 2018. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2020; 854(1): 012054. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/854/1/012054.

Haryadi W. Gempa Tektonik Di Pulau Sumbawa Dan Dampaknya Terhadap Bangunan Sipil (Suatu Kajian Geologis). Ganec Swara. 2012; 6(2): 13-19. Available from: http://unmasmataram.ac.id/wp/wp-content/uploads/2.-Wahyu-Haryadi.pdf.

Rossi A, et al. The 2016–2017 Earthquake Sequence in Central Italy: Macroseismic Survey and Damage Scenario through the EMS-98 Intensity Assessment. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering. 2019; 17(5): 2407–2431. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-019-00556-w.

Mendoza M, Poblete B, and Valderrama I. Nowcasting Earthquake Damages with Twitter. EPJ Data Science. 2019; 8(3): 1-23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1140/epjds/s13688-019-0181-0.

Nugraha J, Pasau G, Sunardi B, and Widiyantoro S. Analisis Hazard Gempa Dan Isoseismal Untuk Wilayah Jawa-Bali-NTB. Jurnal Meteorologi dan Geofisika. 2014; 15(1): 1–11. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31172/jmg.v15i1.168.

Setiyono U, et al. Katalog Gempa Bumi Signifikan Dan Merusak Tahun 1821-2018. Jakarta Pusat: Pusat Gempabumi dan Tsunami Kedupatian Bidang Geofisika Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika; 2019.

Tian Y, Xu C, Hong H, Zhou Q, and Wang D. Mapping Earthquake-Triggered Landslide Susceptibility by Use of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Models: An Example of the 2013 Minxian (China) Mw 5.9 Event. Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk. 2019; 10(1): 1–25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19475705.2018.1487471.

Nazmfar H, Saredeh A, Eshgi A, and Feizizadeh B. Vulnerability Evaluation of Urban Buildings to Various Earthquake Intensities: A Case Study of the Municipal Zone 9 of Tehran. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal. 2019; 25(1–2): 455–474. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2018.1556086.

Downloads

Published

2022-12-30

How to Cite

Luthfin, A., Irjan, I. and Hidayati, S. N. (2022) “Mapping of Destructive Tectonic Earthquakes in the West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) Region Based on the Zhao Attenuation Function”, Jurnal Penelitian Fisika dan Aplikasinya (JPFA), 12(2), pp. 156–166. doi: 10.26740/jpfa.v12n2.p156-166.

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract views: 458 , PDF Downloads: 207