Developing a Prediction Model of Physical Activity Levels Based on Social Cognitive Predictors among Students
Model Prediksi Aktivitas Fisik
Keywords:motivation, outcome expectations, physical activity, self-efficacy, stress
Physical inactivity is a significant public health concern among adolescents. Social cognitive factors are suggested to influence physical activity including in students, However, it is unclear how these factors influence physical activity levels among students in the Education and Training Center in Riau. This study aimed to develop a prediction model of physical activity levels based on social cognitive predictors in this population. The study was a cross-sectional study of 107 students from the Education and Training Center in Riau who completed online questionnaires on physical activity and social-cognitive correlates. Physical activity levels were measured using the Physical Activity Vital Sign, while the social cognitive correlates included self-efficacy, outcome expectations, stress levels, and motivation, which were measured using validated scales. Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to analyze the data. The results indicated that self-efficacy, outcome expectations, stress levels, and motivation significantly predicted physical activity levels among students. The results of the multiple linear regression indicated regression coefficients were 0.26, 0.31,-0.33 and 0.27 for self-efficacy, outcome expectation, stress level and motivation practice, respectively. The multiple linear regression model, which included all variables, predicted 32.9% of the variance in physical activity levels. The findings suggest that physical activity promotion programs for students should focus on improving self-efficacy, outcome expectations, stress management, and motivation. Future research can focus on developing and evaluating the efficacy of physical activity promotion interventions that target social cognitive predictors among students.
Anderson, E. S., Wojcik, J. R., Winett, R. A., & Williams, D. M. (2006). Social-cognitive determinants of physical activity: The influence of social support, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and self-regulation among participants in a church-based health promotion study. Health Psychology, 25(4), 510–520. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6220.127.116.110
Anindita, M. W., Diani, N., & Hafifah, I. (2019). Hubungan Efikasi Diri Dengan Kepatuhan Melakukan Latihan Fisik Pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2. Nusantara Medical Science Journal, 4(1), 19. https://doi.org/10.20956/nmsj.v4i1.5956
Anung Ahadi Pradana, Casman, N. (2020). Pengaruh Kebijakan Social Distancing pada Wabah COVID-19 terhadap Kelompok Rentan di Indonesia. Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia : JKKI, 9(2), 61–67. https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/jkki/article/view/55575
Arovah, N. I. (2022). The correlates of physical activity during COVID-19 pandemic among Indonesian young adults: A longitudinal study. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 11(1), 179. DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_720_21
Arovah, N. I., & Heesch, K. C. (2022). Social cognitive measures related to exercise behaviour: Validation in Indonesian middle-aged and older adults: The validation of social cognitive measures related to exercise in Indonesian adults. Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, 14(February), 100975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cegh.2022.100975
Arovah, N. I., & Purnomo, E. (2022). Predicting Maximal Aerobic Capacity based on Self-Reported Physical Activity Levels among Adolescents. Sport Mont, 20(3), 61–66. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.221010
Arovah, N. I., Kurniawaty, J., & Haroen, H. (2023). Factors Associated With Physical Activity and COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors: A Cross-Sectional Study in Indonesian Adults. Journal of Population and Social Studies, 31, 318–336. https://doi.org/10.25133/JPSSv312023.019
Attaimini, M. R. (2022). Hubungan Antara Tingkat Aktivitas Fisik Dan Parameter Proses Sosial Kognitif Pada Masyarakat Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Di Era Pandemi Covid-19.
Ball, T. J. (2014). Validity of a self-reported" vital sign" for physical activity in adults of primary healthcare. The University of Utah.
Buchan, D. S., Ollis, S., Thomas, N. E., & Baker, J. S. (2012). Physical activity behaviour: An overview of current and emergent theoretical practices. Journal of Obesity, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/546459
Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24(4), 385–396.
Iskandar, Y. (2023). Hubungan Self-Efficacy dengan Prokrastinasi Akademik Mahasiswa Semester 5 Fakultas Bisnis dan Humaniora Universitas Nusa Putra (Sebuah Proposal Penelitian). Jurnal Psikologi Dan Konseling West Science, 1(1), 43–52.
Mills, Jhon P dan Boardley, Ian D. (2016). Expert Premier League Soccer Managers’ Use of Transformational Leadership Behaviours and Attitude Towards Sport Integrity: An Intrinsic Case Study. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, Vol. 11(3) 382–394.
Mubarrok, A. S., & Anik Puji Wiyanti. (2023). Hubungan Self-Efficacy Dengan Aktivitas Fisik Penderita Diabetes Melitus Di Rs Airlangga Jombang. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan (Scientific Journal of Nursing), 9(1), 182–188. https://doi.org/10.33023/jikep.v9i1.1415
Pamela G. Bowen, Robert T. Mankowski., Sara A. Harper., & Thomas W. Buford. (2019). Exercise is Medicine as a Vital Sign: Challenges and Opportunities. HHS Public Access. Physiol. Behav, 176, 139-148. DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2016.08.014.CagY.
Pelletier, L. G., Tuson, K. M., Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., Briére, N. M., & Blais, M. R. (2016). Toward a New Measure of Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, and Amotivation in Sports: The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS). Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17(1), 35–53. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.17.1.35
Prodaniuk, T. R., Plotnikoff, R. C., Spence, J. C., & Wilson, P. M. (2004). The influence of self-efficacy and outcome expectations on the relationship between perceived environment and physical activity in the workplace. 11, 1–11.
Ramirez, E., Kulinna, P. H., & Cothran, D. (2012). Constructs of physical activity behaviour in children: The usefulness of Social Cognitive Theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13(3), 303–310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.11.007
Resnick, B., & Jenkins, L. S. (2000). Testing the reliability and validity of the self-efficacy for exercise scale. Nursing Research, 49(3), 154–159. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006199-200005000-00007
Rhodes, R. E., McEwan, D., & Rebar, A. L. (2019). Theories of physical activity behaviour change: A history and synthesis of approaches. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 42, 100–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.11.010
Setiawan, H., Munawwarah, M., & Wibowo, E. (2021). Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik dengan Kebugaran dan Tingkat Stres pada Karyawan Back Office Rumah Sakit Omni Alam Sutera dimasa Pandemi Covid-19. Physiotherapy Health Science (PhysioHS), 3(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.22219/physiohs.v3i1.16935
Shigeta, T. T., Leahy, A. A., Smith, J. J., Eather, N., Lubans, D. R., & Hillman, C. H. (2021). Cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness associations with older adolescent cognitive control. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 10(1), 82–90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2020.05.004
Wójcicki, T. R., White, S. M., & McAuley, E. (2009). Assessing outcome expectations in older adults: The multidimensional outcome expectations for exercise scale. Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 64(1), 33–40. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbn032
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 JOSSAE (Journal of Sport Science and Education)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Please find rights and licenses in JOSSAE (Journal of Sport Science and Education). By submitting articles/ article manuscripts, the author agrees to this policy. No special documents required.
The copyright of the received article once accepted for publication shall be assigned to the journal as the publisher of the journal. The intended copyright includes the right to publish the article in various forms (including reprints). The journal maintains the publishing rights to the published articles.