Publication Ethics

BISMA (Bisnis dan Manajemen) is a peer-reviewed international journal. This statement clarifies the ethical behaviour of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in this journal as well as allegations of research misconduct, including the Author, the Chief Editor, the Editorial Board, the peer-reviewer­­­­­ and the publisher (Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Surabaya). This statement is based on COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

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Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed BISMA (Bisnis dan Manajemen) journal is a critical component in the development of a coherent and reputable knowledge network. It shows the caliber of the authors' work as well as the institutions that support them. The scientific method is supported and embodied by peer-reviewed articles. As a result, it is critical to agree on ethical norms for all parties engaged in publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher, and the society. 

 The publisher of BISMA (Bisnis dan Manajemen), Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Surabaya, takes its guardianship obligations over all stages of publishing very seriously, and we understand our ethical and other responsibilities.  We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.

Allegations of Research Misconduct

Fabrication, falsification, citation manipulation, or plagiarism in the production, performance, or review of research, authoring an article by authors, or publishing research results is considered research misconduct. Editors are responsible for safeguarding the truth and integrity of the scientific record when authors are proven to be involved in research misconduct or other major irregularities regarding articles published in scientific journals.

In cases of suspected misconduct, the Editors and Editorial Board will use the best practices of COPE to assist them in resolving the complaint and addressing the misconduct fairly. This will include an investigation of the allegation by the Editors. A submitted manuscript that is found to contain such misconduct will be rejected. In cases where a published paper is found to contain such misconduct, a retraction can be published and linked to the original article.

The first stage is to determine the validity of the claim and whether it is consistent with the criteria of research misconduct. This preliminary phase also includes examining whether the individuals accused of misbehavior have relevant conflicts of interest.

Assume that scientific malfeasance or other significant research anomalies are possible. In that instance, the allegations are forwarded to the corresponding Author, who is asked to respond in detail on behalf of all co-authors. Following receipt and evaluation of the response, additional review and engagement of specialists (such as statistical reviewers) may be obtained.

Institutions are expected to undertake thorough and appropriate investigations into complaints of scientific misconduct. Finally, authors, journals, and institutions bear a significant responsibility to safeguard the accuracy of the scientific record. BISMA (Bisnis dan Manajemen) will continue to fulfill its responsibilities of ensuring the validity and integrity of the scientific record by responding appropriately to concerns about scientific misconduct and taking necessary actions based on the evaluation of these concerns, such as corrections, retractions with replacement, and retractions.

Publication Decisions

The Editor BISMA (Bisnis dan Manajemen) oversees determining which papers should be published in the journal. Such decisions must always be driven by the validation of the work in question and its value to academics and readers. The editors may be led by the editorial board's policies and bound by the legal requirements in effect at the time addressing libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. In reaching this judgment, the editors may consult with other editors or reviewers.

Complaints and Appeals

BISMA (Bisnis dan Manajemen) journal will have a clear procedure for handling complaints against the journal, Editorial Staff, Editorial Board or Publisher. The complaints will be clarified to a respected person for the case of the complaint. The scope of complaints includes anything related to the journal business process, i.e. editorial process, found citation manipulation, unfair editor/reviewer, peer-review manipulation, etc. The complaint cases will be processed according to COPE guidelines. The complaint cases should be sent by email to:

Fair Play

An editor at any time evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding Author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate


Decisions Publications

BISMA (Bisnis dan Manajemen) editor is responsible for deciding which articles will be published on the articles received. This decision was based on the validation of an article and the article's contributions to researchers and readers. In doing so, the editor is guided by the editorial board's policy and is subject to the laws that need to be enforced as defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Editors can discuss with other editors or reviewers in making the decision.

Assessment Objective 

Editors evaluate a script based on intellectual content without discrimination of religion, ethnicity, race, gender, and others.


Editors and editorial staff can not disclose any information about the manuscript that has been accepted to anyone other than the authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, and the editorial board.

Conflicts of Interest 

The material sent to the accrual article has not been published and may not be used for personal research, including the editor, without the author's written permission. Information or ideas obtained through a double-blind review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Editors should refuse to review the manuscript if the Editor has a conflict of interest due to the competitive relationship, collaborative, or other relationships with the author, company, or institution related to the manuscript.

Cooperation in the Investigation 

Editors must take responsive measures if there are complaints related to ethics on a manuscript that has been received or the articles that have been published. Editors can contact the Author of the script and give due consideration to the complaint. Editors can also communicate more with institutions or agencies related to research. When the complaint has been resolved, matters such as the publication of a correction, withdrawal, expression of concern, or other records, should be considered to be done.


Contributions to the Decision Editor

The reviewer's blind peer review helps editors make decisions and can help the author improve writing through editorial contact between the reviewer and the author. Peer review is an essential part of formal scientific communication (formal scholarly communication) and the scientific method.


Reviewers are assigned based on qualifications to review articles. If the reviewers cannot complete the task in time, they must immediately report to the Editor.


Each manuscript accepted for review must be treated as confidential documents. Manuscript should not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.


Reviews should be conducted objectively. Reviewers should be clearly expressed their views along with the arguments in favour. Critics of a personal nature the Author is not appropriate.

Completeness and Authenticity References 

Reviewers should identify works or publications that the Author has not cited. Relevant quotes should accompany a statement of observations or arguments previously published. Reviewers must notify the editor of substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript was in-review with other writings that have been published, in accordance with the knowledge reviewer.

Conflicts of Interest 

Peer review information or suggestions must be kept confidential and not exploited for personal advantage. Personal research reviewers should not use unpublished material from papers without the author's explicit authorization. If a reviewer has a competitive, collaborative, or other relationship with the author, company, or institution associated to the work, the reviewer should reject the manuscript review.


Standard Writing 

Authors must submit papers/articles that are accurate to the study done and provide an objective discussion of the research's importance. The study data must be accurately provided in the article. An essay should be informative enough with relevant references for others to repeat the work. Presentation of papers that is fraudulent or erroneous is unethical and unprofessional.

Data Access Research 

Authors may be asked to provide raw data on paper to be reviewed. They should be able to provide public access to such data if possible and should be able to store the data in a reasonable period after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism 

Authors must guarantee that all work is original, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, they must include appropriate citations. Plagiarism can take several forms, including acknowledging the writings of others in your own, copying or rewriting major parts of others' works without attributing sources, and claiming the results of others' study. Self-plagiarism, sometimes known as bibs plagiarism, is a type of plagiarism. Auto plagiarism is the practice of referencing sentences from their published works without citing sources. Plagiarism in any form is unethical and inappropriate in the publication of scientific works.

Terms of Delivery Posts 

The author may not publish the same script in more than one journal. Asking for the same script in more than one journal is a publication of unethical behavior in scientific papers and unacceptable.

Inclusion Reference Source 

It is always necessary to accurately recognize the work of others. Authors must include citations to influential publications in their work. Private information gained through conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties may not be utilized or reported without the written permission of the source.


An author is someone who made a substantial contribution to the article's conception, design, execution, or interpretation. Everyone who has made a significant contribution is named as a co-author. Correspondence authors should guarantee that all co-authors have been included in the script and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the work as well as the manuscript's submission for publication.

Error in Writing Posted 

When the author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his work after it has been published, the author is responsible for promptly notifying the journal editor and working with the editor to retract or correct the text. If the editor obtains information from third parties that a work containing a significant error has been published, the author is responsible for immediately withdrawing or making corrections to the text editor or providing evidence related to the accuracy of the origin.