Physical Education Teacher Perception in Conducting Online Learning Activities during Covid-19 Pandemic


  • Setiyo Hartoto Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Nurhasan Nurhasan Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Ali Maksum Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Muchamad Arif Al Ardha National Dong Hwa University
  • Taufiq Hidayat Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Hamdani Hamdani Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Chung Bing Yang National Dong Hwa University



physical education; online learning; covid-19


The first covid-19 case was founded in Indonesia on March 2020. Then, Indonesian government then announced the study from home policy a few weeks afterward. The teaching learning activity needs to be conducted by online teaching. This study aimed to evaluate the online teaching process at Physical Education subject. There were 447 physical education teachers were involved in this study. The Physical Education Online Learning Scale (PEOLS) was developed and used as research instrument in this study. The construct validity and reliability of PEOLS are 63.288 % and α = .880. The data were analyzed by independent t-tens and one-way anova based on gender (male/female), school status (public/private), and age groups. The result, there are significant different on age and teaching place. Younger teachers are facing less difficulties in online teaching (sig. >0.05). Furthermore, the teachers who teach in the public area have more beneficial in their teaching process (sig. >0.05). In Conclusion, the online teaching learning activity during covid-19 pandemic were influenced by the teachers’ capability of using internet and the accessibility of online teaching facility.


Adhe, K. R., Al Ardha, M. A., Yang, C.-B., Khory, F., Harianto, T., & Putra, K. (2018). The Implementation of Physical Fitness Learning Module in Kindergarten. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 173, 156–158.

Al Ardha, M. A. (2013). Kontribusi Tingkat Kemajuan Pendidikan Jasmani dan Olahraga Sekolah Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa pada Ujian Nasional Tahun 2011. Jurnal Jurusan Pendidikan Olahraga, 11(2), 52–63.

Al Ardha, M. A., Yang, C. B., Ridwan, M., Darmawan, G., Hartoto, S., Kuntjoro, B. F. T., Kartiko, D. C., & Sumartiningsih, S. (2019). Analisis Biomekanika pada Stroke Nomor 100 Meter Gaya Dada terhadap Swimming Velocity. Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia, 9(2), 38–44.

Annetta, L. A., & Minogue, J. (2004). The effect teaching experience has on perceived effectiveness of interactive television as a distance education model for elementary school science teacher’s professional development: Another digital divide? In Journal of Science Education and Technology (Vol. 13, Issue 4, pp. 485–494). Springer.

Anthony, B., Kamaludin, A., Romli, A., Raffei, A. F. M., Nincarean A/L Eh Phon, D., Abdullah, A., Ming, G. L., Shukor, N. A., Nordin, M. S., & Baba, S. (2019). Exploring the role of blended learning for teaching and learning effectiveness in institutions of higher learning: An empirical investigation. Education and Information Technologies, 24(6), 3433–3466.

Campbell, P. B., & Storo, J. (1996). Reducing the distance: Equity issues in distance learning in public education. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 5(4), 285–295.

Chan, A. Y. K., Chow, K. O., & Jia, W. (2003). A framework for evaluation of learning effectiveness in online courses. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) (Vol. 2783, pp. 383–395). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Daniel, S. J. (2020). Education and the COVID-19 pandemic. Prospects, 1–6.

Ge, Y. (2021). College Physical Education Based on Multimedia Network Teaching Platform (pp. 882–889). Springer, Cham.

Guri-Rosenblit, S. (2005). “Distance education” and “e-learning”: Not the same thing. In Higher Education (Vol. 49, Issue 4, pp. 467–493). Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Indahwati, N., Tuasikal, A. R. S., & Al Ardha, M. A. (2019). Developing Project Based Learning (PBL) as a teaching Strategy in Physical Education for Preservice Physical Education Teacher. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 335, 490–497.

Kazakova, O. A., Ivanova, L. A., & Martynenko, V. S. (2021). Application of Information Technologies in Physical Education in Samara Higher Educational Institutions. In Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems (Vol. 133, pp. 377–381). Springer.

Kim, E., & Corcoran, R. P. (2017). How engaged are pre-service teachers in the United States? Teaching and Teacher Education, 66, 12–23.

Kristiyandaru, A., Al Ardha, M. A., Priambodo, A., & Yang, C. B. (2020). Pre-Service Physical Education Teachers’ Perspective on the Learning Effectiveness in Three Different Learning Settings. Proceeding ICOPESH (International Conference on Physical Education, Sport, and Health), 6–9.

Lounsbery, M. A. F., McKenzie, T. L., Morrow, J. R., Monnat, S. M., & Holt, K. A. (2013). District and School Physical Education Policies: Implications for Physical Education and Recess Time. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 45(S1), 131–141.

Lowell, V. L., & Campion, L. L. (2020). Introduction to TechTrends Special Issue: Authentic Learning Experiences via Distance Learning. In TechTrends (Vol. 64, Issue 4, pp. 548–549). Springer.

McNaught, C. (2003). The effectiveness of an institution-wide mentoring program for improving online teaching and learning. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 15(1), 27–45.

Rynearson, K., & Kerr, M. S. (2005). Teaching statistics online in a blended learning environment. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 17(1), 71–94.

Shih, C.-P., Weng, C.-B., Lee, Y.-L., & Ni, Y.-L. (2016). Factors Associated with Health-Related Physical Fitness among Junior High School Students in Taiwan. Sports & Exercise Research, 18(1), 56–65.

Sudarso, Djawa, B., Wisnu, H., Prabowo, S. A., Al Ardha, M. A., & Prakoso, B. B. (2019). Physical Education Teacher’s Quality Based on the Indonesia National Standards. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 335, 824–829.

Yen, S. C., Lo, Y., Lee, A., & Enriquez, J. M. (2018). Learning online, offline, and in-between: comparing student academic outcomes and course satisfaction in face-to-face, online, and blended teaching modalities. Education and Information Technologies, 23(5), 2141–2153.




How to Cite

Hartoto, S., Nurhasan, N., Maksum, A., Al Ardha, M. A., Hidayat, T. ., Hamdani, H., & Yang, C. B. (2022). Physical Education Teacher Perception in Conducting Online Learning Activities during Covid-19 Pandemic. JOSSAE (Journal of Sport Science and Education), 7(1), 42–49.



Abstract views: 283 , PDF Downloads: 193