Publication Ethics

The Pubucation Ethics are based COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Hasil gambar untuk committee on publication ethics logo

The ethics of this publication contain a "code of conduct" for each party relating to the process of publishing this journal. In this section, the responsibility must be done by each party. The purpose of the delivery of the ethics of this publication is so that science can be delivered correctly and honestly.

This publication is a form of efforts to disseminate the results of scientific research to the scientific community in the field of geography. Therefore the authors, editors, reviewers and publishers must meet and implement the ethical standards of this publication. The principals of this publication's ethical standards include:

  • Neutrality
  • Justice
  • Honesty


Reporting Standards

The author's report on the original research should present an accurate report on the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be presented accurately in the script. A paper must contain enough details and references to allow others to imitate the work. Deceptive or intentionally inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must ensure that they have written a completely original work, and if the author has used the work and/or the words of others, then this has been quoted or quoted appropriately.

Dual, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications

An author should not generally publish manuscripts that essentially describe the same research in more than one major journal or publication. Sending the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.

Source Recognition

Proper recognition of the work of others must always be given. The author should cite publications that are influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Paper Authorship

Writing should be limited to those who have made significant contributions to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of reported studies. Everyone who has made a significant contribution must be listed as a co-author. If there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or registered as contributors.

The relevant authors shall ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no co-authors are inappropriately included in the manuscript, and that all co-authors have viewed and approved the final version of the paper and have approved its submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All authors must disclose in their manuscript any other financial or substantive conflicts of interest that may be interpreted to influence the outcome or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to revoke or correct the paper.

Ethical Oversight

If the research work involves chemicals, humans, animals, procedures, or equipment that have unusual dangers inherent in their use, the authors must clearly identify this in the paper to comply with the ethical behavior of research using animals and human subjects. If necessary, the author must grant legal ethics permission from the association or legal organization.

If the research involves confidential data and business/marketing practices, the author must clearly justify this issue of whether the data or information will be safely hidden or not.


Research violations are falsification, falsification, manipulation of citations, or plagiarized in the creation, implementation, or review of research and article writing by the author, or in reporting the results of research. If the author is found to be involved in research errors or other serious irregularities involving articles that have been published in scientific journals, the Editor has a responsibility to ensure the accuracy and integrity of scientific records.

JGGP carries the Comments and Criticism section, which provides a forum to express various points of view, comments, clarifications, misunderstanding corrections, and report research errors on topics in published papers. Journal readers are invited in earnest to contribute their ideas to this forum.

In case of alleged misconduct, the Editor and editorial board will use COPE best practices to help them resolve complaints and deal with violations fairly. This will include an investigation into the allegations by the Editor. Submitted manuscripts found to contain such errors will be rejected. In cases where the published paper is found to contain such an error, the revocation can be published and will be linked to the original article.



Publication Decision

The editor is responsible for deciding which articles are included in the journal that should be published. Editors may be guided by the journal's editorial board policies and limited by applicable legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. Editors can consult with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Complaints and Appeals

JGGP will have clear procedures for handling complaints against journals, Editorial Staff, Editorial Boards, or Publishers. The complaint will be clarified to a respected person in connection with the complaint case. The scope of the complaint covers everything related to the journal's business processes, namely editorial processes, citation manipulation, unfair editors/reviewers, peer-review manipulation, etc. Complaints will be processed in accordance with COPE guidelines.

Fairness of process

An editor at all times should evaluate the manuscript for their intellectual content regardless of the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy.


Any editor and editorial staff may not disclose any information about the manuscript sent to anyone other than the appropriate author, reviewer, prospective reviewer, editorial advisor, and publisher.



Contributions to Editorial Decisions

Peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with authors, peer reviewers can also assist authors in refining papers.


Selected reviewers who feel ineligible to review research reported in a script, or know that an immediate review is not possible should notify the editor and request from the review process.


Any manuscript received for review should be treated as a confidential document. They may not be shown or discussed with others except as permitted by the editor.

Objectivity Standards

The review must be conducted objectively. The author's personal criticism is considered inappropriate. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Source Recognition

Reviewers must identify relevant published works that have not been cited by the author. Observation statements, derivations, or arguments that have been previously reported must be accompanied by relevant citations. Reviewers should also call the editor's attention to any substantial or overlapping similarities between the manuscript being considered and other published papers for which they have personal but relevant knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review should be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts that have conflicts of interest due to competition, collaboration, or other relationships or connections with the author, company, or institution associated with the paper.



General Policy of Article Withdrawal

It is a general principle of scientific communication that journal editors are fully and independently responsible for deciding which articles to publish to journals. In this decision-making, the editorial is guided by the policy of the journal's editorial board and is constrained by applicable legal provisions related to libel, copyright infringement, and piracy. The result of this principle is the importance of scientific archives as a permanent and historic record of scholarship transactions. Articles that have been published must remain, appropriate, and not be altered as far as possible. However, sometimes circumstances can arise where an article is published that later must be retracted or even deleted. Such actions should not be taken lightly and may only occur in exceptional circumstances. In addition, the Creator (and/or its institutions) will be punished from any type of article withdrawal in the form of a ban on posting articles (temporarily up to a permanent ban)

This policy has been designed to address this issue and consider current best practices in the academic and library communities. As standards evolve and change, we will revisit this issue and welcome feedback from the academic and library community. We believe this issue requires international standards. All Articles Withdrawal Policies in JGGP (including Manuscript Withdrawals, Articles in the Press, Article Retractions, Article Deletions, and Article Replacement Policies) are adopted from Elsevier's Article Withdrawal Policy.

Article Withdrawal by Author

Authors are not allowed to withdraw articles that have been sent to JGGP because the withdrawal of such articles consumes the resources, time, and effort made by editors and peer-reviewers in processing such articles. If the author still applies for the withdrawal of the article, then the author will be penalized with a ban on the submission of manuscripts (maximum) 8 numbers (4 volumes or 4 years) for the withdrawal of manuscripts in the review process. However, it is highly unethical to withdraw a manuscript that has been sent from a journal because it has been received by another journal.

The withdrawal of an article after the manuscript has been accepted for publication is highly unethical. The author will be sanctioned in the form of a ban on the submission of manuscripts as much as (maximum) 20 numbers (10 Volume or 10 years). The withdrawal of the manuscript in this policy includes submitting a revision of the article that exceeds the deadline specified by the Editor and does not immediately notify the Editor and/or revise the manuscript. If the author does not revise the manuscript until the specified time limit without confirmation, the Author may be baned (maximum) 12 numbers (6 volumes or 6 years).

Authors who make more than one manuscript withdrawal can be permanently blocked. This prohibition can also be applied to author institutions. The JGGP Editorial Board may publicly announce through JGGP pages and/or provide information to other journal editors or other publishers while the JGGP Editorial Board is conducting a banning process in this case.



Violations of the professional code of conduct (such as double submission, false authorship claims, plagiarism, improper use of data, or the like) are prohibited in JGGP. Sometimes, revocation will be used to correct errors in submission or publication. The retraction of articles by authors or editors under the advice of members of the scientific community has long been an occasional feature of the learned world. Standards for handling revocation have been developed by a number of libraries and scientific bodies, and these best practices were adopted for the revocation of articles by JGGP.

The editor will investigate in depth about violations of the professional code of conduct. The JGGP Editorial Board will notify the Author of the alleged violation and its evidence and offer the Author options. If the Editor is unable to contact the author within the specified time frame, the Editor will discuss with the Editor and other Editorial Advisory Boards on the matter.

The article revocation standards in JGGP are:

1. The statement (letter) of revocation of the article entitled "Withdrawn: (article title)", will be published by jggp editorial members in two languages (Indonesian and English).

2. A letter of retraction of this article (along with evidence, comments, criticism, or requests from members of the scientific community) is placed on the previous page of the article with the same page number as the first page of the article. article and given additional code "ed-1" for the first page of the letter and so on (e.g., 56-ed-1, 56-ed-2, etc.).

3. The original version of the article will be watermarked or stamped "Retracted" and placed after the letter. This new PDF file was created to replace the original PDF file article.

4. Abstract articles on jggp website replaced with statements about the revocation of articles for violating the code of ethics and / or policies of JGGP while the keyword of the article is removed.

5. The letter of retraction of the article will also be published in JGGP format at the time the article and letter are published as part of the Comments and Criticism section.