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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

Author Guidelines

The draft is submitted to the OJS and also the editor of JRBA through email at The soft copy is in file Microsoft Word. File Microsoft form with the name of the author (corresponding author). Begin in 2020, all accepted manuscripts are only in English.

Author/s who wants to submitted his/her article, please expected to consider the following rules:

The general writing format

  1. The draft is typed on a computer using MS Word with 1 column (except title, name, abstract) font Bell MT size 12pt, A4 paper, above margin 3 cm, bottom margin 2.5 cm, left margin 2.5 cm and right margin is 2.5 cm.
  2. Maximum number of page 10 pages
  3. The pages is numbered and placed on the right above
  4. Manuscript contains: title, affiliation, abstract, keywords, introduction, methods, results and discussion, conclusions, acknowledgments (if any), and references


Submissions should be sent to the editor should be typed using the MS Word program, the format of writing a paper size A4, all borders of 2.5 cm, single column, Bell MT, 12 points, 2nd-row spacing distance. Articles are written with the following sections and systematics: title, author's name and address (bylines), abstract in Indonesian and English, introduction, method, results and discussion, conclusions, thanks (not always available), and bibliography.

The title of the manuscript is written in English (Times New Roman, size 13, bold) and Bahasa Indonesia (Times New Roman, size 13, italic).

The author's name (without title) must be accompanied by the full name, full address of the affiliation (specific department, institution name)

Correspondence address is written in footnotes and correspondence author is marked with an asterisk (*)

The abstract is in the form of a paragraph, consisting of 250 words (maximum), and written in English and Bahasa Indonesia. The Abstract uses Times New Roman, size 9, Italic (Bahasa Indonesia). The abstract is concise (short and clear), including a summary of your work. It should clearly state the background problem, the research objectives, the brief and clear method, the main results/findings, and the conclusions, and should not include citations, tables, figures, and formulas. More information can be found in Template.

The introduction explains the state of the art of research, gap analysis, and research objectives/questions.

The method is written in full and detail so that it can be repeated by others (reproducible) for other researchers.

Results and discussion should summarize or highlight the findings rather than providing detailed research results.

Discussion must answer the problems, interpret the research results, and the findings into the already known knowledge confirms and/or contrasts with the research of other researchers, and/or modifies the previous theory. Discussion must also contain the implications of both theoretical and implementation results.

The conclusion must be able to answer the research objectives/questions and should not repeat the abstract or simply rewrite the experimental results.

Acknowledgments. These should be included at the end of the text and not in footnotes. Personal acknowledgments should precede those of institutions or agencies.

The references should include only articles that are published or in press. The references are each numbered, ordered sequentially as they appear in the text. Citations in the reference list should contain all named authors, regardless of how many there are. The article should use at least 80% of the newest references (not more than 10 years) and consists of (at least) 80% article from a scientific journal.

Figures and images should be labeled sequentially, numbered, and cited in the text. Figures should be referred to specifically in the text of the paper but should be embedded within the text. The legends should be included from the main manuscript text file and being a part of the figure file (using Arabic numerals, maximum figure title is 15 words and detailed legend, up to 300 words). The use of three-dimensional histograms is strongly discouraged when the addition of the third dimension gives no extra information. 

The following file formats can be accepted: 

  • PDF (also especially suitable for diagrams) 
  • PNG (preferred format for photos or images) 
  • Microsoft Word (figures must be a single page) 
  • PowerPoint (figures must be a single page) 
  • TIFF 
  • JPEG

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