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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Jurnal Riset Biologi dan Aplikasinya (Journal of Biological Research and its Applications) only accept research papers that have never been published and are not currently being submitted to other journals or media for publication. The manuscript is the author's original work and is free from plagiarism. Scanning similarity is done by using Turnitin. The similarity index is expected to be less than 25% and not clustered in one paragraph. Authors are required to fill out and submit a Letter of Approval (the template can be downloaded at Link). The Letter of Approval is uploaded in the Supplementary File at the time of submission of the manuscript. Manuscripts are written in English.



Authors must submit a manuscript in Microsoft Word format (.docx or .doc) that has been written according to the template (Link) via the journal's OJS website /index




The title must describe the contents of the article, written concisely, clearly, a maximum of 15 words; Every word starts with a capital letter except conjunctions.


Author (Authorship)

The author or authors contribute directly and significantly to the research and publication of the article, as stated in the Letter of Approval. All authors' names are clearly written; the first author is written at the earliest and successively the second, third and so on. If the name is too long, it can be shortened, but the last name must be written in full. Example:

Anastiwi Putri Lestari can be written A.P. Lestari or Anastiwi P. Lestari, but may not be written Anastiwi Putri L. or Anastiwi P.L.



The abstract contains the essence of the article, contains an introduction (1-2 short sentences), objectives, methods including methods of analysis, results and a summary of the discussion (conclusion). The abstract is not allowed to contain references to the literature. The abstract is written in the form of one paragraph and expected not more than 200 words. At the end of the abstract, 3-5 keywords are listed in alphabetical order. The words or phrases for keywords should not listed in the title.



The introduction section should be written in a way that is accessible to researchers without specialist knowledge in that area. Introduction should contain background of the research.  Show the "state of the art" of research by reviewing similar studies that have been done before. Thus, this section must contain adequate citations. Citations use the name and year system referring to the APA 7th Edition Style. Please use Mendeley reference manager.

In addition, describe the gap analysis which shows the urgency of this research. At the end of the introductory description, clearly state the research objectives.


Materials and Methods

This section contains an explanation of the materials and tools used, time, place, research techniques and methods, as well as methods of data analysis. The tools that are commonly used do not need to be specified, but what must be included is the test equipment, that is, the type or specifications are mentioned, but not the brand.

Tools and materials do not need to be specified in a special paragraph, but are mentioned when explaining work methods or procedures. The method must be explained as completely as possible so that other researchers can verify it. Reference is given to lesser known methods. The method of data analysis should be listed.

For exploratory research should be equipped with a map of the sampling location. The sampling location map is made carefully, not just a capture image from Google Maps or Google Earth. Sampling procedures including the determination of sampling stations, substations and subplots must also be clearly stated. Experimental research must clearly state the experimental design. The data analysis used must be in accordance with the experimental design.


Results and Discussion

Results section contain a description of the research findings. The data presented is data that has been processed and is ready to be discussed to answer research objectives (not raw data). In addition, illustrations can be provided in the form of pictures and tables to clarify. However, the results that have been explained with tables or illustrations do not need to be explained in a detailed text description. The presentation of the results is written in paragraph form, not in the form of division per sub-chapter/point.

Mathematical equations, stated clearly and typed using programs for formulas, for example Equation or Math Type. Decimal numbers, marked with a comma (,) for Indonesian and a period (.) for English.

Tables and figures must be included to clarify the description, then numbered sequentially and referred to sequentially in the text, the title is written briefly and clearly. The table title is placed at the top. Tables and figures are placed after reference in the text. So tables and figures are illustrative which clarify the description in the text.

Tables are made in the form of open tables (ie there are only horizontal lines at the head of the table and at the end of the table. Tables must be made clear and communicative and are self-explanatory (still meaningful even though they are separate from the text). Therefore, tables should be It is accompanied by a table description. The table is placed in the type field directly (format: in line with text).

Figures in the form of images include photographs, graphs, maps and charts. The figure title is placed below. The title of the illustration is in the form of a diagram or graph, there is no need to use the word "diagram" or "graph". Photos must have a high resolution so that the resulting image is sharp and clear. Graphs and diagrams are presented without outlines or frames. Numbers in graphs or charts must be written carefully, including the use of commas and periods in numbers. Images must be made clear and communicative as well as self-explanatory (still meaningful even though they are separate from the text). Therefore, the image should be accompanied by a description of the image. If a photo or image consists of several components, all components must be grouped together. Images are placed in the type field directly (format: in line with text).

Scientific name; Scientific names are written according to scientific writing rules according to the ICZN for animal nomenclature, ICBN for plant nomenclature, as well as for viruses and bacteria must be in accordance with the nomenclature of viruses and bacteria. Quantitative measurements using International Units.

Discussion is in the form of a description of the discussion in accordance with the research objectives. Like the presentation of the results, the discussion is also written in paragraph form, not in the form of division per sub-chapter/point. Discussion by relating to theory and empirical findings by utilizing related literature (preferably journal articles). Citations use the name and year system referring to the APA 7th Edition Style.

Please note that Results and Discussion sections are incorporated. Each result must be followed and explained by its discussion.


The section should clearly state the main conclusions of the research and provide a clear explanation of their importance and relevance. This section should not contain discussion anymore. Please write the conclusions as a paragraph, not per point. Summary illustrations and recommendation may be included in this section (if any)..



Acknowledgments from the author, can be written in this section. Acknowledgments are addressed to those who play an important or meritorious role in organizing research and publication, but whose contribution is not significant as authors.



The references contains all references cited or referred to directly in the manuscript text. Written in alphabetical order referred to APA 7th Edition style. Authors are advised to use the Mendeley references manager. The libraries used are prioritized in the form of primary literature (scientific journal articles) and up-to-date (published in the last ten years, except for certain fields such as taxonomy and evolution.


Electronic Journal Article with DOI

Ambarwati, R., & Faizah, U. (2017). Colour and morphometric variation of donacid bivalves from Nepa Beach, Madura Island, Indonesia. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 9(3), 466–473.

Ambarwati, R., Rahayu, D. A., Rachmadiarti, F., & Khaleyla, F. (2021). DNA barcoding of lamp shells (Brachiopoda: Lingula anatina) from Probolinggo, East Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 22(4), 1764–1774.

Tan, K. S., Tan, S. H. M., Sanpanich, K., Duangdee, T., & Ambarwati, R. (2021). Taxonomic re-description and relationships of two mat-forming mussels from the Indo-Pacific region, with a proposed new genus. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin, 78, 77–115.


Electronic Journal Article Non DOI

Juniar, A., Ambarwati, R., & Rahayu, D. (2021). Genetic identification of Clithon oualaniense (Gastropoda: Neritidae) from Madura, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux, 14(2), 1046–1056.


Journal Article with a title other than English

Wijaya, V. M., & Ambarwati, R. (2021). Kemelimpahan dan Food Safety Bivalvia Edible di Pantai Kecamatan Sreseh, Madura. [Abundance and Food Safety of Edible Bivalves at Sreseh Beach, Madura] LenteraBio, 10(1), 58–66.


Article within conference proceedings

Ambarwati, R., Purnomo, T., Fitrihidajati, H., Rachmadiarti, F., Rahayu, D. A., & Faizah, U. (2021). Morphological Variations of Meretrix sp. from Bancaran, Madura, Indonesia. Advances in Engineering Research Volume 209, 214–217.

Rahardjanto, A., Tosiyana, V. R., Husamah, H., & Miharja, F. J. (2020). Diversity of molluscs in the mangrove forest area of Cengkrong Beach-Trenggalek. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2231(April).


Book chapter, or article within a book

Poutiers, J. M. (1998). Bivalves (Acephala, Lamellibranchia, Pelecypoda). In K. E. Carpenter & V. H. Niem (Eds.), FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes; The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific Volume 1. FAO.


Complete book

Dharma, B. (2005). Recent and Fossil Indonesian Shells. Conchbooks.

Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of Bivalves. A Full-Color Guide to 3,300 of the World’s Marine Bivalves. A Status on Bivalvia After 250 Years of Research. Conchbooks.



MolluscaBase Eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Meretrix Lamarck, 1799. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at:




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