KEGAGALAN BISNIS PEMERINTAH DESA: Studi Tentang Relasi Bisnis-Pemerintah pada Pengelolaan Badan Usaha Milik Desa di Kabupaten Banyumas
Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis kegagalan bisnis pemerintah desa dalam pengelolaan Badan Usaha Milik Desa (BUMDes). Bisnis pemerintah desa salah satunya dapat dilihat dari pengelolaan BUMDes. Mengelola BUMDes berarti pemerintah desa menjalankan sebuah bisnis publik karena memanfaatkan dana desa sebagai modal utama BUMDes. Prinsip bisnis pemerintah yang paling penting adalah adanya relasi yang baik antara pemerintah dan pelaku bisnis. Oleh sebab itu penelitian ini berfokus menjawab pertanyaan bagaimanakah relasi yang dibangun antara pemerintah desa dan pelaku bisnis yang ditunjuk dalam pengelolaan BUMDes di Kabupaten Banyumas. Relasi yang dimaksud dalam hal ini adalah hubungan bisnis antara pemerintah desa dan pengelola BUMDes. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Informen penelitian ini meliputi unsur pemerintah desa, pengelola BUMDes dan juga masyarakat desa yang pernah berhubungan dengan BUMDes. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa relasi yang dibangun antara pemerintah desa dan pengelola BUMDes di Kabupaten Banyumas belum mengarah pada relasi bisnis yang saling menguntungkan. Penyebabnya adalah ketidakmampuan pengelola dalam memberikan nilai lebih kepada pemerintah desa. Pengelola masih menempatkan dirinya subordinat pemerintah desa, sehingga tidak memiliki kewenangan untuk melakukan berbagai inovasi. Pemerintah desa masih cenderung mendominasi peran mereka dalam pengelolaan BUMDes. Relasi bisnis yang mestinya dilandasi semangat entrepreneurship, etika bisnis dan kejelasan peran masing-masing pihak belum muncul dalam relasi antara pemerintah desa dan pengelola BUMDes.
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