Publication Ethics

Editor's Responsibilities

Publication decision

The editor is responsible for deciding which articles can be published. The editor is guided by the discretion of the editorial board and is limited by legal provisions relating to defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. To arrive at this decision, the editor may confer with other editors.

The editor at any time evaluates a manuscript for its intellectual content regardless of the race, gender, sexual orientation, religion/belief, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy of the author.

Editors and staff are prohibited from disclosing any information regarding submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the authors concerned, reviewers, prospective reviewers, editors' advisors, and publishers, in proportion.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Unpublished material may not be used in the editor's own research without the written consent of the author.

Reviewer's Obligations

Contribute to the editor's decision

The peer-review process directs editors to make their decisions and through communication with authors can also direct authors to improve the quality of their articles.

Committed to his review task

The reviewer selected by the editor if he feels he is not qualified to review articles in a particular field or knows that he is unable to review by the agreed deadline can inform the editor that he is unable to carry out the review process.

Contribute to the confidentiality aspect

Accepted manuscripts must be treated as confidential documents and should not be shown or discussed with other parties except as permitted by the editor.

Committed to standards of objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is not allowed except for his writing. Reviewers should express their opinions accompanied by clear arguments.

Acknowledgment of the source

The reviewer should identify any citations that have not been listed in the bibliography. Any statement that is an observation, derivation, or argument that has been previously used must be accompanied by an appropriate citation. Reviewers should contact the editor if they find any similarity in substance between the manuscript being reviewed and other published articles.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Confidential information or ideas obtained from the peer-review process must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not pay attention to any conflict of interest that creates competitive, collaborative, or other relationships with the author, company, or institution associated with the article.

Author's Obligations

Reporting standard

The author should present the results of his research accurately as well as an objective discussion of the benefits of his article. The data underlying the article must be presented accurately. Articles must contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the author's results, not duplicate them. Careless statements containing unethical attitudes are not permitted.

Maintain originality and far from plagiarism

The author must ensure that he/she wrote all parts of the article, and if the author uses the opinion or work of other authors, then this must be cited and cites accordingly.

Publish in more than one journal

The author does not publish his manuscript describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical behavior and is unacceptable.

Acknowledge the work of other authors

Recognition of the work of other authors should always be done. The way, the author must cite the publications of other people who contributed to the article written.

Include other contributing authors

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported research. Those who make such contributions must be listed as co-authors. Co-authors must participate in ensuring that the quality of the submitted work is as expected.

Avoid conflicts of interest

All authors must disclose financial sources that support their research.

Checking the output

When an author finds a fatal error in a published work, the author must immediately contact the journal editor or publisher and coordinate with the editor to withdraw the work or correct it.