PENGEMBANGAN MATERI PADA MATA PELAJARAN IPA DALAM PLATFORM COURSE NETWORKING SEBAGAI MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN SECARA BLENDED LEARNING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR DAN KETERAMPILAN KOLABORASI PESERTA DIDIK KELAS VII SMP
Keywords:IPA, ekosistem, pengembangan media, blended learning, e-learning, platform Course Networking, hasil belajar dan keterampilan kolaborasi
AbstractTujuan penelitian adalah mengembangkan materi pembelajaran pada suatu platform e-learning berbasis opensource dan Learning Management System (LMS) sebagai media pembelajaran secara Blended Learning. Pembelajaran dilakukan pada mata pelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (IPA). Media tersebut diharapkan dapat digunakan sebagai suplemen pembelajaran atau alat bantu untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar dan keterampilan kolaborasi peserta didik kelas VII SMP Terpadu Daarul Muttaqien Surabaya. Penelitian pengembangan ini menggunakan platform Course Networking untuk mendesain dan mengatur pembelajaran. Prosedur pengembangan media pembelajaran menggunakan model pengembangan Borg & Gall. Dengan 10 tahapan yaitu, (1) Identifikasi kebutuhan instruksional, (2) Analisis Tujuan Instruksional, (3) Mengidentifikasi karakteristik dan konteks awal peserta didik, (4) Penjabaran tujuan instruksional umum ke dalam tujuan instruksional khusus, (5) Mengembangkan instrumen penilaian, (6) Mengembangkan strategi instruksional, (7) Mengembangkan bahan ajar (materi), (8) Mendesain dan menyelenggarakan evaluasi formatif, (9) Revisi instruksional, (10) Mendesain dan melakukan evaluasi sumatif. Produk pengembangan yang dihasilkan berbentuk (1) model web learning materi ekosistem, dan (2) panduan penggunaan untuk peserta didik dan guru. Pengembangan media ini telah diujicoba pada kegiatan pembelajaran untuk materi ekosistem kelas VII SMP Terpadu Daarul Muttaqien Surabaya semester genap tepatnya pada bulan Maret hingga awal Mei tahun pelajaran 2015. Hasil pengembangan telah divalidasi ahli materi dan ahli media masing-masing mendapatkan prosentase 77,17% dan 77,5%. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan hasil pengembangan produk sudah baik dan layak untuk digunakan dalam pembelajaran. Untuk hasil implementasi penggunaan media dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar dan keterampilan kolaborasi peserta didik, digunakan uji T Independen, yang menunjukkan hasil post-test hasil belajar menunjukkan thitung = 2,079 , sedangkan keterampilan kolaborasi thitung = 1,127, dengan ttabel = 2,000 (signifikansi 5%, df=60). Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa dengan menggunakan media pembelajaran secara blended learning, yaitu pengembangan materi pembelajaran dalam platform Course Networking tersebut dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar peserta didik, namun belum dapat meningkatkan keterampilan kolaborasi peserta didik.
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