Sharing is Not Caring: Examining Intention of Sharing Misinformation Moderated by New Media Literacy

Authors

  • Damar Dhiyaan Hafidz Wibowo Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang
  • S. Kunto Adi Wibowo Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26740/jsm.v8n1.p128-143

Keywords:

misinformation, new media literacy, sharing intention, short-form videos, misinformation sharing intention

Abstract

As the disruption era grows more and more apparent, so does the spread of misinformation. This research examines the intention to share misinformation moderated with New Media Literacy (NML). With data from 100 undergraduate students via online survey and analyzed using SmartPLS4, the study reveals that information-seeking significantly influences the intention to share misinformation, even when moderated by New Media Literacy. In contrast, status-seeking and entertainment demonstrate little impact on misinformation-sharing intent, also when moderated by New Media Literacy. Socializing, on the other hand, yields a significant but negative correlation with the intention to share misinformation, suggesting the need to share factually correct information firsthand. The finding suggests that cultivating clarity when sharing information on social media is crucial, especially when one's intent is to seek information. This study contributes to the understanding of the factors influencing the spread of misinformation and highlights the importance of new media literacy in mitigating its effects

References

Allcott, Hunt, Matthew Gentzkow, and Chuan Yu. 2019. “Trends in the Diffusion of Misinformation on Social Media.” Research & Politics 6(2):205316801984855. doi: 10.1177/2053168019848554.

Anderson, James C., and David W. Gerbing. 1984. “The Effect of Sampling Error on Convergence, Improper Solutions, and Goodness-of-Fit Indices for Maximum Likelihood Confirmatory Factor Analysis.” Psychometrika 49(2):155–73. doi: 10.1007/bf02294170.

Bodoff, David, and Siu Lau Ho. 2016. “Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling Approach for Analyzing a Model with a Binary Indicator as an Endogenous Variable.” Communications of the Association for Information Systems 38:400–419. doi: 10.17705/1cais.038123.

Christensen, Clayton M., and Joseph L. Bower. 1995. “Disruptive Technologies: Catching the Wave.” Long Range Planning 28(2):155. doi: 10.1016/0024-6301(95)91075-1.

Erişti, Bahadır, and Cahit Erdem. 2017. “Development of a Media Literacy Skills Scale.” Contemporary Educational Technology 8(3). doi: 10.30935/cedtech/6199.

Fornell, Claes, and David F. Larcker. 1981. “Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error.” Journal of Marketing Research 18(1):39. doi: 10.2307/3151312.

Hair, Joseph F., and Abdullah Alamer. 2022. “Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) in Second Language and Education Research: Guidelines Using an Applied Example.” Research Methods in Applied Linguistics 1(3):100027. doi: 10.1016/j.rmal.2022.100027.

Hamid, Mohd Rashid Ab, Waqas Sami, and M. H. Mohmad Sidek. 2017. “Discriminant Validity Assessment: Use of Fornell & Larcker Criterion versus HTMT Criterion.” Journal of Physics. Conference Series 890:012163. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/890/1/012163.

Karanfi̇Loğlu, Mehmet. 2022. “NEW MEDIA LITERACY AND MISINFORMATION: SAMPLE OF THE UKRAINE-RUSSIA CRISIS.” Zenodo (CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research). doi: 10.5281/zenodo.7111191.

Koç, Mustafa, and Esra Barut. 2016. “Development and Validation of New Media Literacy Scale (NMLS) for University Students.” Computers in Human Behavior 63:834–43. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2016.06.035.

Lee, Chei Sian, and Long Ma. 2012. “News Sharing in Social Media: The Effect of Gratifications and Prior Experience.” Computers in Human Behavior 28(2):331–39. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2011.10.002.

Lee, Eun Hee, Taejun Lee, and Byung-Kwan Lee. 2022. “Understanding the Role of New Media Literacy in the Diffusion of Unverified Information during the COVID-19 Pandemic.” New Media & Society 146144482211309. doi: 10.1177/14614448221130955.

Lee, Jiyoung, Brian Britt, and Shaheen Kanthawala. 2022. “Taking the Lead in Misinformation-Related Conversations in Social Media Networks During a Mass Shooting Crisis.” Internet Research 33(2):638–63. doi: 10.1108/intr-02-2021-0120.

Lei, Weng Si, Ubaldino Sequeira Couto, Fernando Lourenço, Cheng Man Wu, and Chi Cheng Mak. 2023. “Virtual Music Concert Attendance Motives and Experience through the Lens of Uses and Gratification Theory.” Event Management 27(4):607–24. doi: 10.3727/152599522x16419948695134.

Leung, Louis. 2016. “Uses and Gratifications.” The International Encyclopedia of Political Communication 1–5. doi: 10.1002/9781118541555.wbiepc053.

Lin, Tzu Bin, Jen Yi Li, Feng Deng, and Ling Lee. 2013. “Understanding New Media Literacy: An Explorative Theoretical Framework.” National Taiwan Normal University. Retrieved (https://scholar.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/en/publications/understanding-new-media-literacy-an-explorative-theoretical-frame-2).

Liu, Wenjuan, Yao Zhaotong, Ding Yuhua, and Zhang Midi. 2023. “The Influence of Involvement and Emotional Valence on Accuracy Judgments and Sharing Intention of Fake News.” Journal of Cognitive Psychology 35(8):839–55. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2023.2241699.

Liu, Xiaodan, Min Qi, and Shengnan Han. 2019. “Understanding Users’ Continuous Content Contribution Behaviours on Microblogs: An Integrated Perspective of Uses and Gratification Theory and Social Influence Theory.” Behaviour & Information Technology 39(5):525–43. doi: 10.1080/0144929x.2019.1603326.

Majerczak, Przemysław, and Artur Strzelecki. 2022. “Trust, Media Credibility, Social Ties, and the Intention to Share towards Information Verification in an Age of Fake News.” Behavioral Sciences 12(2):51. doi: 10.3390/bs12020051.

Orhan, Ali. 2023. “Fake News Detection on Social Media: The Predictive Role of University Students’ Critical Thinking Dispositions and New Media Literacy.” Smart Learning Environments 10(1). doi: 10.1186/s40561-023-00248-8.

Potter, W. James. 2021. Media Literacy. Sage.

Ringle, Christian M., Wende, Sven, & Becker, Jan-Michael. 2024. “SmartPLS 4". Bönningstedt: SmartPLS. Retrieved April 27, 2024 (https://www.smartpls.com)

Rubin, Victoria L. 2019. “Disinformation and Misinformation Triangle.” Journal of Documentation 75(5):1013–34. doi: 10.1108/jd-12-2018-0209.

Singh, Nirmal, and Gagandeep Banga. 2022. “Media and Information Literacy for Developing Resistance to ‘Infodemic’: Lessons to Be Learnt from the Binge of Misinformation during COVID-19 Pandemic.” Media, Culture & Society 44(1):161–71. doi: 10.1177/01634437211060201.

Stamenković, Ivana, and Marta Mitrović. 2023. “The motivation for using the social media platform tiktok from the perspective of the uses and gratifications theory.” Media studies and applied ethics 4(2):9–23. doi: 10.46630/msae.2.2023.02.

The Conversation. 2019. “Misinformation Sharing Intention Indonesia 2018 by Age Group.” Statista. Retrieved April 27, 2024 (https://www.statista.com/statistics/998059/indonesia-misinformation-sharing-intention-by-age-group/).

Trekels, Jolien, Jacqueline Nesi, Kaitlyn Burnell, Mitchell J. Prinstein, and Eva H. Telzer. 2024. “Dispositional and Social Correlates of Digital Status Seeking among Adolescents.” Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking 27(3):187–93. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2023.0342.

Van Griethuijsen, Ralf a. L. F., M. W. Van Eijck, Helen Haste, P. J. Den Brok, Nigel Skinner, Nasser Mansour, Ayşe Savran Gencer, and Saouma BouJaoude. 2014. “Global Patterns in Students’ Views of Science and Interest in Science.” Research in Science Education 45(4):581–603. doi: 10.1007/s11165-014-9438-6.

Wei, Lihong, Jiankun Gong, Jing Xu, Nor Eeza Zainal Abidin, and Oberiri Destiny Apuke. 2023. “Do Social Media Literacy Skills Help in Combating Fake News Spread? Modelling the Moderating Role of Social Media Literacy Skills in the Relationship between Rational Choice Factors and Fake News Sharing Behaviour.” Telematics and Informatics 76:101910. doi: 10.1016/j.tele.2022.101910.

Wu, Liang, Fred Μorstatter, Kathleen M. Carley, and Huan Liu. 2019. “Misinformation in Social Media.” SIGKDD Explorations 21(2):80–90. doi: 10.1145/3373464.3373475.

Xiao, Xizhu, and Yan Su. 2022. “Stumble on Information or Misinformation? Examining the Interplay of Incidental News Exposure, Narcissism, and New Media Literacy in Misinformation Engagement.” Internet Research 33(3):1228–48. doi: 10.1108/intr-10-2021-0791.

Xiao, Xizhu, Yan Su, and Danielle Ka Lai Lee. 2021. “Who Consumes New Media Content More Wisely? Examining Personality Factors, SNS Use, and New Media Literacy in the Era of Misinformation.” Social Media + Society 7(1):205630512199063. doi: 10.1177/2056305121990635.

Xiao, Xizhu, and Wei Yang. 2023. “There’s More to News Media Skepticism: A Path Analysis Examining News Media Literacy, News Media Skepticism and Misinformation Behaviors.” Online Information Review. doi: 10.1108/oir-04-2023-0172.

Xie, Xiaochun, Xiaowu Gai, and Yong Zhou. 2019. “A Meta-Analysis of Media Literacy Interventions for Deviant Behaviors.” Computers and Education/Computers & Education 139:146–56. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2019.05.008.

Downloads

Published

2024-04-29

How to Cite

Wibowo, D. D. H., & Wibowo, S. K. A. (2024). Sharing is Not Caring: Examining Intention of Sharing Misinformation Moderated by New Media Literacy. The Journal of Society and Media, 8(1), 128–143. https://doi.org/10.26740/jsm.v8n1.p128-143
Abstract views: 324 , PDF Downloads: 168