Publication Ethics

The publication of an article in a double peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Double peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society of society-owned or sponsored journals.


The editor(s) and publisher of this Journal believe that there are fundamental principles underlying scholarly or professional publishing. While this may not amount to a formal "code of conduct", these fundamental principles with respect to the authors' paper are that the paper should:

  1. Be the authors' own original work, which has not been previously published elsewhere.
  2. Reflect the authors' own research and analysis and do so in a truthful and complete manner.
  3. Properly credit the meaningful contributions of co-authors and co-researchers.
  4. The article is not be submitted to more than one journal for consideration (ensuring it is not under redundant simultaneous peer review), and be appropriately placed in the context of prior and existing research.

I. Publication decisions

The editor in chief of Judex Factie is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The decision is based on the recommendation of the journal’s editorial board members and reviewers. The journal abides by legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor confers with the editorial team and reviewers in making this decision.

II. Research Misconduct Policy

The purpose of this policy is to prevent any misconduct related to research conducted for the journals and to suggest the fundamental principles and structural procedures in relation to research integrity deliberation required to ensure research ethics.

III. Non-Discrimination

The editors and reviewers evaluate manuscripts for intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, and/or political philosophy of the authors.

IV. The range of research misconduct

Research misconduct suggested in this policy pertains to fraud and refers to data fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, and improper authorship.

  • Fabrication refers to any act involving the creation of false information about non-existing data or findings.
  • Falsification refers to artificial manipulation of the research materials/equipment/process or randomly modification/deletion of data resulting in distorted research contents or research results.
  • Plagiarism refers to acts of pirating others’ ideas, research contents, and research results without justifiable approvals or quotations.
  • Improper authorship refers to cases where the person who has contributed to research contents or research results is scientifically and technically unqualified as an author or where someone who has not contributed to the research contents or research results scientifically and technically but has been listed as an author merely to express gratitude or courtesy.
  • Intentional acts to disturb a fraud investigation about themselves or others or the acts which can be harmful to informants.
  • Unfair evaluation regarding research of others or a disclosure or pirating of research ideas or research results acquired during the evaluation process.

V. Confidentiality

The editor, reviewers, and editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, editorial team, and the publisher, as appropriate.

VI. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by any of the editorial board members and reviewers in their own research.